The Affordable Care Act, also referred to as Obamacare, aims to eliminate the discriminatory practices in coverage and care that have plagued women's health for decades. Women now enjoy the same health benefits and insurance as men, and all insurance plans must cover maternity care under the ACA. Here are some specific reasons that women benefit greatly from the Affordable Care Act.
- Women can't be charged more than men. In the past, discriminatory practices such as "gender rating" and the treatment of pregnancy as a pre-existing condition were rampant, because women's health needs -- in large part because of the cost of childbirth -- are comparatively higher than men's. Many pre-ACA plans lack maternity coverage, and those that do have it often come with long waiting periods and deductibles that negate their benefits.
- Free birth control. On Aug. 1, 2012, the contraception mandate portion of the Affordable Care Act went into effect. This means that almost all employers with more than 50 employees are legally required to provide contraceptive coverage as part of employer-sponsored or group plans. This includes coverage for all FDA-approved birth-control methods, follow-up appointments, side-effect management, and device removal.
Organizations whose sole purpose is religious activity, like churches, are exempt from the requirement of providing contraceptives to their employees. Nonprofit organizations that are religiously affiliated are allowed to refuse. The question remains whether for-profit employers with owners who have personal objections can challenge the mandate via a "conscience clause." In light of the constant media attention and politics around this issue, here is what you need to look into in order to receive this benefit:
- Plans that started or were created before March 23, 2010, are grandfathered , which means that they do not have to abide by the mandate until January. Use this telephone script by the National Women's Law Center to find out if your insurance will provide contraception coverage.
- Each plan is required to cover only one offering of each type of FDA-approved contraception method. These methods include the pill, injectables (Depo-Provera), the ring, implant, IUD, barrier methods, and nonsurgical permanent contraception (Essure). Check with your insurer whether the brand or manufacturer you prefer is covered.
- Six states -- Arizona, Arkansas, Georgia, Idaho, Mississippi, and South Dakota -- have laws that allow health-care providers and pharmacists to refuse to provide contraceptive services if they object for personal or religious reasons. If you will be getting postpartum contraception from a local pharmacy, make sure they will agree to it.
- Pregnancy coverage. The new maternity care provision will include routine prenatal care visits (for free!), the costs of hospitalization for childbirth including complications, and postpartum care for both you and your newborn.
Coverage also includes affordable:
- Co-pays for ultrasounds.
- Cost sharing of genetic screening.
- Co-pays for noninvasive fetal testing.
- Deductibles for hospitalizations that occur during pregnancy for conditions such as threatened preterm labor, hypertensive disorders, or premature breakage of the amniotic sac.
- Anesthesia services during labor and delivery, including intravenous pain medications for early labor and regional anesthesia later in labor (such as an epidural).
Whether you are considering getting pregnant or not, a well-woman visit is an opportunity to diagnose and manage new chronic illnesses such as high blood pressure, hypothyroidism, diabetes, or asthma, which can greatly affect not only a pregnancy, but also your long-term health.
Many women wait until they have given birth to inquire about the details of breastfeeding benefits with their insurance providers. This is not only a very challenging and sleep-deprived period of time to attempt setting up the logistics of vendors, deliveries, and insurance claims, but it also can lead to delays that deter exclusive breastfeeding. Getting your breastfeeding plan set up early on by looking into your benefits in advance will allow you to have the best chance at maximizing the benefits of human milk.