Listen, I'm not going to tell you that investing in a mutual fund will kill you. It probably won't. But it will cost you.
So if you have ever had the slightest inclination to "do it yourself" -- and maybe make a little more money in the process – I hope you'll read on.
The crime of the century
With the exception of local property taxes, nothing I've encountered picks our pockets more efficiently than the U.S. mutual fund industry. And yes, that includes the IRS.
Think about it. Uncle Sam grabs a piece of every penny you earn each year, but if you own a mutual fund, your fund manager is worse. This joker isn't happy with a cut of what your money earns each year. (We'll assume for now that he actually makes you money.)
No, your fund manager wants more -- much more. When I tell you how much more, you may want to kill me, so I'll warm you up with a quick historical example I invented for just such an occasion as this.
Wahoo! My fund manager's a genius!
The year is 1990. The economy is stagnant, Saddam Hussein is rattling his saber, and the first President Bush assures us, "This will not stand." And you, the big dummy that you are, just dumped 10 grand into a mutual fund!
But don't worry, your fund manager doesn't buy the gloom and doom. He doesn't buy diversification, either. No, your guy buys American ingenuity and technology. So he rolls the dice on just four tech stocks.
You hit paydirt! Now it's New Year's Day 2000, and just look at what's become of your $10,000 stake ...
- Hewlett-Packard (NYSE: HPQ ) : $25,625
- Nortel Networks (NYSE: NT ) : $45,736
- Adobe Systems (Nasdaq: ADBE ) : $37,254
- Motorola (NYSE: MOT ) : $26,215
Happy New Year! You're suddenly sitting on $135,000! But wait. Mutual funds have a price -- maybe a lot more than you think.
Surprise! You don't have $135,000
Assuming your fund manager hits you up for a 2% annual fee (not cheap, but hardly unheard of these days), you owe him roughly $2,250. That seems fair enough. After all, the guy just made you $135,000. But there's a catch.
That $2,250 you just paid is for the last year alone. You've been paying out every year along the way. By New Year's Day 2000, you'd have handed the rascal nearly $10,000 in fees, and the lost profits on those fees would have cost you $25,000. And that's over just 10 short years!
That's a high price, but it gets worse. Imagine if you'd invested $20,000 instead of $10,000. You'd be paying twice as much! And what do you get for all that extra money -- for paying twice as much? Not much, as far as I can tell.
Oh, yes, it gets worse still
What if it turns out you're paying for nothing? I mean, let's face it, you're not going to buy into some miracle fund like the one I just described. Your fund manager won't be a genius. More likely, he'll be an Ivy League MBA looking to keep his job -- or worse.
Don't believe me? Check out the list of widely held institutional stocks. I'll spare you the trouble: You'll find trusty old Merck (NYSE: MRK ) and Altria (NYSE: MO ) in the mix, alongside a few dozen other usual suspects. Now, run down the top holdings in your mutual funds. See anything familiar?
Worse yet, even if your fund manager does stumble on a category killer like medical device maker Medtronic (NYSE: MDT ) , or any other multibagger, what are the chances he'll have the guts to hang on for the entire ride?
More likely, he will buy and sell it many times over. You guessed it: In addition to the annual fee, you get murdered on taxes and transaction costs.
And it gets worse ...
Because here's the thing. In any given year, the IRS can tax you only on what you earn that year. When you invest in a mutual fund, your fund manager takes a cut of everything you have ... year after year after year.
Worse, you not only might fail to keep pace with the market in any given year (remember, most funds do fail to match the market), you could actually lose money – like many folks did in 2008. Yet, even if you don't make a penny in year 11 of our previous example, you'll still have to hand over another few thousand dollars.
Frankly, I think that bites. Yet, for all that, you may have no interest in researching stocks, even with the help and support of someone with a proven track record -- someone you can trust. If so, mutual funds may be the only game in town. It definitely beats staying out of stocks over the long haul, but you can agree that it's a broken model that needs fixing.
Something better to consider
If you balk at buying a house in the Hamptons for somebody you don't even know, try David and Tom Gardner's Motley Fool Stock Advisor free for 30 days instead. They founded The Motley Fool to help make you a better investor back in 1994, and you get their top stock idea each month. And while they can't guarantee that they will always outperform the S&P 500, that's what they have done over the past seven years -- by a stunning 55 percentage points per pick.
Yes, you read that right. And I can assure you that beating the market is their sworn mission, something 75% of mutual fund managers do not do. Best of all, as your portfolio grows, your costs won't. Being a member won't set you back two grand a year to join the $100,000 club ... or $120,000 a year to be the $6 million man or woman. Getting wealthy is a reasonable goal, after all -- and it isn't one you should approach with mixed feelings.
To steal a phrase from that sour-faced know-it-all on the TD AMERITRADE commercials, "You can do this." For a little help, give David and Tom Gardner's Stock Advisor a try. Seriously, if you don't like what you see, you don't pay a penny. To learn more, click here now.
This article was originally published June 13, 2006. It has been updated.
Paul Elliott does not own shares of any company mentioned. Of course, you can see all of David and Tom's Stock Advisor recommendations instantly with your free trial. Adobe Systems is a Motley Fool Stock Advisor recommendation. The Fool owns shares of and has written puts on Medtronic. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.