Margins matter. The more Teekay LNG Partners (NYSE: TGP) keeps of each buck it earns in revenue, the more money it has to invest in growth, fund new strategic plans, or (gasp!) distribute to shareholders. Healthy margins often separate pretenders from the best stocks in the market. That's why we check up on margins at least once a quarter in this series. I'm looking for the absolute numbers, comparisons to sector peers and competitors, and any trend that may tell me how strong Teekay LNG Partners' competitive position could be.

Here's the current margin snapshot for Teekay LNG Partners and some of its sector and industry peers and direct competitors.

Company

TTM Gross Margin

TTM Operating Margin

TTM Net Margin

Teekay LNG Partners 76.6% 45.9% 33.1%
Linn Energy (Nasdaq: LINE) 69.7% 92.4% 48.5%
Encore Energy Partners (NYSE: ENP) 69.9% 49.3% 44.4%
Golar LNG (Nasdaq: GLNG) 73.1% 29.9% 8.9%

Source: S&P Capital IQ. TTM = trailing 12 months.

Unfortunately, that table doesn't tell us much about where Teekay LNG Partners has been, or where it's going. A company with rising gross and operating margins often fuels its growth by increasing demand for its products. If it sells more units while keeping costs in check, its profitability increases. Conversely, a company with gross margins that inch downward over time is often losing out to competition, and possibly engaging in a race to the bottom on prices. If it can't make up for this problem by cutting costs -- and most companies can't -- then both the business and its shares face a decidedly bleak outlook.

Of course, over the short term, the kind of economic shocks we recently experienced can drastically affect a company's profitability. That's why I like to look at five fiscal years' worth of margins, along with the results for the trailing 12 months, the last fiscal year, and last fiscal quarter. You can't always reach a hard conclusion about your company's health, but you can better understand what to expect, and what to watch.

Here's the margin picture for Teekay LNG Partners over the past few years.

Source: S&P Capital IQ. Dollar amounts in millions. FY = fiscal year. TTM = trailing 12 months.

Because of seasonality in some businesses, the numbers for the last period on the right -- the TTM figures -- aren't always comparable to the FY results preceding them. To compare quarterly margins to their prior-year levels, consult this chart.

Source: S&P Capital IQ. Dollar amounts in millions. FQ = fiscal quarter.

Here's how the stats break down:

  • Over the past five years, gross margin peaked at 77.5% and averaged 76.2%. Operating margin peaked at 46.7% and averaged 44.6%. Net margin peaked at 24% and averaged 12.3%.
  • TTM gross margin is 76.6%, 40 basis points better than the five-year average. TTM operating margin is 45.9%, 130 basis points better than the five-year average. TTM net margin is 33.1%, 2,080 basis points better than the five-year average.

With recent TTM operating margins exceeding historical averages, Teekay LNG Partners looks like it is doing fine.

If you take the time to read past the headlines and crack a filing now and then, you're probably ahead of 95% of the market's individual investors. To stay ahead, learn more about how I use analysis like this to help me uncover the best returns in the stock market. Got an opinion on the margins at Teekay LNG Partners? Let us know in the comments below.