NASA has picked rocket and satellite maker Orbital Sciences (NYSE:OA) to build its new Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON) .

On Monday, Orbital announced receipt of the two-year, $50 million contract. Cooperating with NASA and the University of California, Berkeley, Orbital will use its LEOStar-2 spacecraft as the basis for ICON, integrating supplementary systems upon it.

Once orbited in 2017, ICON will investigate how "space weather" storms in the ionosphere, located at the globe's edge of outer space, interact with "terrestrial" weather closer to Earth's surface. Fluctuations in the ionosphere are said to be capable of disrupting satellite and radio communications here on earth, lending real-world importance to understanding exactly what's happening "up there" with the weather.

This is Orbital's second major contract win from NASA in as many weeks. Last week, the company announced a $75 million contract to build the "TESS" (Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite).

Fool contributor Rich Smith has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool recommends Orbital Sciences. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.