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Investors who look for turnarounds want to get in on the ground floor of a beaten-down business getting itself back on strong financial footing.
It's reasonable to be a little skeptical that Best Buy, J.C. Penney, and Pitney Bowes would truly be on the road to recovery. Until recently, their stocks had been in free-fall. So should these turnarounds be believed? Or, in any of these cases, would investors be wise to stay on the sidelines?
Twin retail turnarounds
To say that the past few years have been volatile for Best Buy would be an understatement. Shares were selling for $45 per share in late 2011, only to collapse to $12 per share one year later.
Best Buy's wildly-swinging share price is indicative of the tug-of-war between its supporters and its critics. Best Buy bulls have faith in the company's strong brand and its ability to generate positive free cash flow, while bears point to the troubling 'show-rooming' effect and the looming threat of larger online competitors.
Best Buy reported a $1.2 billion net loss in fiscal 2012, due largely to the fact that it reported a 1.7% decline in comparable-store sales, which measures sales only at locations open at least one year. Going back further, it's worth noting that Best Buy has posted same-store sales declines in fiscal years 2012, 2011, and 2009.
Fast forward to today, and Best Buy is in full-rally mode after reporting second-quarter results. All told, the company notched a 0.6% drop in comparable-store sales in the quarter. In addition, Best Buy's diluted earnings per share rose 8% during the first half of the year. Shares rose as much as 10% after releasing earnings.
J.C. Penney, meanwhile, is under fire after the widely publicized departure of Chief Executive Officer Ron Johnson. J.C. Penney's business has deteriorated over the past year, largely the result of initiatives that backfired, including the decision to eliminate discounts in favor of a regular low-pricing strategy. In all, J.C. Penney booked a $985 million loss in 2012, and shares have lost roughly half their value over the past year.
That being said, investor hopes were buoyed when the company said the back to school shopping season was off to a promising start, and that sales trends had improved every month in the quarter.
Separately, it was revealed that noted hedge fund manager Kyle Bass, through his Hayman Capital fund, took a substantial long position in J.C. Penney. Shares bounced 6% on the news.
For its part, Pitney Bowes has been enjoying a solid uptrend since the beginning of the year. After releasing poor first-quarter results, in what has become a recurring problem for Pitney Bowes, the company slashed its dividend to shore up cash. Pitney Bowes has been working to reduce debt and improve its bloated balance sheet.
That may have represented the bottom for Pitney Bowes and its shareholders. Since then, the news has been better. Pitney Bowes reported second-quarter results that weren't as bad as the market feared. The company reported flat revenue on a constant currency basis, which was far better than what most were expecting.
Pitney Bowes lost nearly half its value in 2012, but has soared from $11 per share to begin 2013 to its current level near $18 per share.
Should investors buy the hype?
In Best Buy's case, the market may be getting ahead of itself. It's not a stretch to say the company is in a better position than when it traded for $12 per share, but at the same time caution is warranted by the fact that the stock has nearly tripled since the beginning of the year. Investors hoping for a whole lot more from a company still reporting falling sales might be getting greedy. At its current price, Best Buy's turnaround hopes have been realized. Investors buying at these levels are asking for trouble.
For J.C. Penney, the verdict does not seem to be in. The company and its investors are anxiously hoping that the back to school shopping season will be a productive one for the struggling retailer. If it is, shares could bounce. Add in the fact that a very famous hedge fund manager is among the company's financial backers, and you could see the turnaround further materialize. But first, investors should wait for more certain sales data in coming months to confirm J.C. Penney's revival.
Pitney Bowes, meanwhile, still offers investors a 4.2% yield, even after cutting its distribution a few months ago. That is almost double the yield on the S&P 500, and is probably attractive to investors starved for income. If you believe Pitney Bowes's dividend has hit its floor, and that its business sees a light at the end of the tunnel, you're at least being paid well to wait for the turnaround.