While Fools should generally take the opinion of Wall Street with a grain of salt, it's not a bad idea to take a closer look at particularly stock-shaking analyst upgrades/downgrades -- just in case their reasoning behind the call makes sense.

What: Shares of Raptor Pharmaceuticals (NASDAQ:RPTP) sank as low as 5.5% today after Oppenheimer downgraded the drug developer from "outperform" to "perform."

So what: Along with the downgrade, analyst Boris Peaker removed his price target of $11 per share, which already represented about 20% worth of downside to yesterday's close. While Oppenheimer thinks that Raptor will report strong third-quarter results, Peaker believes that the stock is already pricing in an 80%-plus adoption rate in the U.S. and EU for its nephropathic cystinosis drug Procysbi, leaving investors with almost no margin of safety.

Now what: Conservative Fools would do well to keep their distance given the many risks that remain.

"While we do not see any headwinds to the drug in the U.S., we believe that EU reimbursement may be more challenging, and at current valuation we see downside to the stock if EU pricing is significantly weaker than in the U.S.," wrote Peaker in a note to clients. "We believe that the key upside for the stock is success in Huntington's Disease and/or NASH, both of which we view as very risky at this time."

When you couple that uncertainty with the stock's red-hot stock price -- still up more than 200% from its 52-week lows -- Raptor's risk/reward trade-off really does look unappetizing. 

Fool contributor Brian Pacampara has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.