The Dow Chemical Company Snubs Activist Investor

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Even as Dow Chemical  (NYSE: DOW  )  agreed to follow through on one of the recommendations made by activist investor Daniel Loeb following his declaration last week that he had amassed a sizable $1.3 billion stake in the speciality chemicals maker, it couldn't help but tweak him a bit while also rejecting the thrust of his larger proposal to spinoff its petrochemical business.

The specialty chemicals company said it will triple its stock buyback program, which Loeb believed could be a defensible action to take following the separation of the petrochemical unit as an overall plan to enhance shareholder value. It then went further by saying it will raise it's quarterly dividend by 15%, to $0.37 per share, a measure that the hedge fund operator didn't ask for, but no doubt appreciates nonetheless. But when it comes to spinning off the petrochemical business, Dow drew the line in rejecting it, and even scoffed that anyone could even consider the company as a petchem company, because it's already exited more than $10 billion in commodities. 

"We've actually done the divestment of what might have been called a petchem business, the traditional commodity businesses," said CEO Anthony Liveris on Dow's quarterly earnings conference call. And going further, he pointed out the buyback program and dividend hike weren't the result of any outside pressure, but rather was part of a process that the board "has been reviewing on an ongoing basis with particular focus over the last several quarters."

So, there you go, Daniel Loeb. You can't take credit for any of it. And for good measure, Liveris invoked the name of Warren Buffett as backing his decision to continue running the company as he has. In an interview with CNBC, Liveris said the Oracle told him: "Frankly, we think you've been running the company for the investors who will stay versus the investors who will leave. And frankly, keep doing that."

Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway (NYSE: BRK-B  )  bought $3 billion of preferred Dow stock in 2009, which it used to acquire Rohm & Haas.

Whether from outside pressure or internal decision making, the specialty chemicals industry is seeing more streamlining going on. DuPont (NYSE: DD  )  sold its performance coating unit in 2012 for $4.9 billion and, last year, announced the spinoff of its performance chemicals unit, having received input from another activist investor, Nelson Peltz, who had taken a $1.3 billion stake in the company.

Loeb contends that while separating the commodity and specialty chemicals businesses might increase costs, concentrating on more attractive growth businesses would give Dow  a "valuation uplift from increased business focus and disclosure." Yet, some analysts disagree, believing that specialty chemicals alone no longer carries higher profit margins, and that a mix between them and commodities would serve investors better. 

Dow's own margins have been growing at a sharp, steady clip for several years in a row, and in the latest quarter's results that it reported separately, it said fourth-quarter net income came in at $963 million, a big U-turn from the $716 million loss it recorded a year ago. But margins widened across the board, benefiting from low natural gas prices.

Loeb may not have gotten anything that he wanted, or even credit for it, but he can at least take solace that his big stake in Dow Chemical is now worth a heckuva lot more than when he purchased it.

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Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On February 01, 2014, at 8:36 AM, funfundvierzig wrote:

    Any DOW shareholder who believes Dow Chemical will benefit over the long run by a DuPont-like dismembering and liquidation needs to take a close look at the dismal fate of the DuPont Company in the 21st century. Once the largest, most prestigious and financially powerful chemical enterprise on the globe, DuPont has been miniaturised by an outstandingly mediocre Management, and reduced primarily to a second-class player in agriculture and nutrition following the footsteps of Monsanto and Syngenta and Novozymes.

    Kudos to Andrew Liveris for acting more BASF-like, and focussing on growth and profitability, not shrinkage!

    Merely the perspective of one individual retail investor and DOW shareholder, short DD...funfun..

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Rich Duprey

Rich has been a Fool since 1998 and writing for the site since 2004. After 20 years of patrolling the mean streets of suburbia, he hung up his badge and gun to take up a pen full time.

Having made the streets safe for Truth, Justice and Krispy Kreme donuts, he now patrols the markets looking for companies he can lock up as long-term holdings in a portfolio. So follow me on Facebook and Twitter for the most important industry news in retail and consumer products and other great stories.


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