Saudi Arabia's Involvement in Iraq Could Prove Devastating

About seven years ago, I wrote a piece for The Motley Fool in which I predicted that, once U.S. troops had left Iraq, the Middle East would be subjected to a new and expanded conflagration. The struggle, I assumed, would likely pit Iran and Iraq together against Saudi Arabia and other countries in the region.

Sadly, that forecast may now be headed for a daunting and dangerous reality. In addition to almost certainly hiking world crude prices over time, it's already having some effect on such big oil and gas companies as ExxonMobil (NYSE: XOM  ) , BP (NYSE: BP  ) , and PetroChina (NYSE: PTR  ) .    


Source: Wikimedia.

Iran is the leader of the world's Shiite Muslim contingent. While Iraq has a significant number of Sunnis, it, too, is majority Shiite, and this is the direction in which its al-Maliki government clearly tilts. Iran and the southern part of Iraq have been pulled closer together of late by marauding Sunni rebels, who now refer to a swath of Syria and Iraq -- at least the part they control -- as the Islamic State. In recent months, they've brutalized and killed thousands of Shiites, with minimal resistance from the Iraqi military.

Still the center of the world's crude production
Iraq and Iran together produce more than 6.5 million barrels of oil per day between them. That compares with about 11.5 million daily barrels from Iraq's Saudi neighbor. Adding in Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates, both of which would likely be drawn into spreading hostilities in the area, and you've upped the ante by another 6.7 million barrels. That brings the total for these countries to a whopping 80% of OPEC's combined production.

Seven years ago, Iraq's production had declined to about 1.9 million barrels a day, as the country's wells deteriorated during Saddam Hussein's reign of terror. Since that time, however, with assistance from the likes of ExxonMobil, which has been laboring to breathe new life into the big West Qurna field, and BP, which has similarly been renovating the giant Rumaila field, the country's production has been heading higher. PetroChina has become the biggest foreign investor in Iraq by working with BP on Rumaila, and recently acquiring a stake in West Qurna from ExxonMobil.

The fighting hasn't yet reached the southern city of Basra, near where both fields are located. Nevertheless, all three companies last month evacuated non-essential personnel from the country.

As battles continue to rage farther north, with the Iraqi military pitted against the newly proclaimed Islamic State -- whose leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, has directed threats at the United States in the past -- Iran is sending in munitions, supplies, drones, and some advisors to the Maliki regime. And in what amounts to an odd triumvirate, the U.S. and Russia are also lining up to supply the government with equipment, including aircraft. Putin's people have already sent in SU-25 warplanes. Beyond that, the U.S. military types moving into the country have grown to more than a trickle. Indeed, it seems it could hit 1,000 "advisors" before you read this.

Under-covered tensions with the neighboring kingdom
Where does Saudi Arabia fit into this deteriorating situation? As I noted in my prior piece, only Iraq separates Iran from the kingdom, the center of at least Sunni Islam, and the world's biggest oil producer. Iraq's Maliki has accused the Saudi government -- aka the royal family -- of funding the Islamic State terrorists, a charge that has been roundly denied by the Saudis. Even if the denial is accurate, however, it's possible that backing for the terrorists has come from individual Saudi citizens, or from other countries in the region.

More ominously, while it's been severely underreported in our country, there are credible indications that as many as 30,000 Saudi soldiers have been mustered along their country's 560-mile border with Iraq. Earlier, Iraq denied that about 2,500 of its soldiers had been ordered to leave their posts along that same border.

The Foolish bottom line
Some companies have reduced their worker contingents in Iraq, but others, such as Italy's Eni and France's Total, have left all their workers there. I wouldn't allow concerns about the ravaging of the country to alter my investment decisions at this point. Should the Islamic State lock horns with the Saudis, however, that conclusion could change dramatically.

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  • Report this Comment On July 12, 2014, at 11:03 AM, stupidjerk wrote:

    Did you think Saudi Arabia was just going to sit around and watch Iran take over the region especially after realizing America's President has proven to be totally unreliable? I think they'd rather deal with the Israeli's. At least they know they both share a common enemy. With Iran's nuclear ambitions on the one yard line and goal to go it's time to put up the stiffest of defenses. America is led by a total incompetent. Everybody knows that except Main Stream Media.

  • Report this Comment On July 12, 2014, at 12:30 PM, salimjh wrote:

    Saudi Arabia is main source of evil worldwide. Saudis launched 911 in America and Saudis created ISIS in Iraq, Saudis created Taliban in Afghanistan, Saudis and Qataris created Boko Haram in Africa.

    Saudi Arabia school system creates junior extremists and after graduation they join ISIS college or AQ international university to launch terror career worldwide.

    Cut The Head Off Of A Snake(Saudi Arabia) & The Body Dies(terrorists)

  • Report this Comment On July 12, 2014, at 2:09 PM, MPA2000 wrote:

    Wow. What an idiot who wrote this. "Haven't yet reached Basra."?

    What evidence do you have that IS cares about Shiite dominated Basra?

    " Iran is world's Shiite leader". What? There is no World Shiite leader. Most Shiites in the world don't want a theocracy like Irans.

  • Report this Comment On July 12, 2014, at 4:07 PM, MarkosApostolos wrote:

    I see that the author ignored completely the devastating role of the US in occupying Iraq for the false reasons which caused the sectarian and ethnic rift between Sunni and Shea and between Arabs and Kurds. Also, the author dismissed as non-factor the Iraqi Christians who belong to the oldest civilizations that inhabited Mesopotamia since biblical times. These are the Assyrian Christians...The US is so keen about supporting democracy in Syria and Iraq that they instated armed and financed the most notorious subhuman terrorists in human kind who call themselves ISIS. The training camps and support were in Turkey and Jordan with Saudi Money and US expertize in training and of course arming...I would suggest that we send McCain, Billy Graham together with Hillary and Obama to Iraq see what Abu Bakr Al Baghdadi needs from weapons, women and drugs and such as we always do to aid the terrorists and then pretend that we combat them. ISIS is the new CIA puppet instead of the Al Qaeda and Abu Bakr Al Baghdadi is the new CIA agent to replace the deceased Osama Ben Laden... This is to perpetuate the wars in the Middle East and to execute the Syria plan after the first one was foiled. This time instead of pulling the false chemical weapons usage plan on Assad that no one believed and using direct US military strikes, the ISIS for hire CIA agents did it in a much faster and covert way. Abu Bakr Al Baghdadi graduated from the US controlled prison in Iraq and he is the new CIA con man to execute the plan. As to us the US citizens, expect new false flag operations possibly in our own soil to continue the fear mongering trauma tactics that our treasonous US government has been doing for so long that they are very much predictable!

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David Smith

A longtime securities analyst and multiple-term member of The Wall Street Journal's All-Star Research team, Dave specializes in energy and natural resources.

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