The Biggest Economic Opportunity of the 21st Century

Master investor Warren Buffett has said the 21st century will belong to China. Venture capitalist John Doerr has called cleantech "the biggest economic opportunity of this century."

Put those two statements together, and you have the makings of the biggest economic opportunity of the 21st century.

Brace yourself
See, China's economic miracle has not come without costs. One of the highest has been paid by the environment. China's factories, power plants, cities, and enormous demand for natural resources have taken a severe toll on the country -- tainting the air, the water, and the land.

China is now the largest emitter of carbon dioxide in the world. Air pollution is a significant worry for athletes competing outdoors in the Beijing Olympics, and National Geographic recently reported on the "cancer villages" that line the once-pristine but now polluted Yellow River.

The good news is that the Chinese government is no longer turning a blind eye to the problem. The 11th (and most recent) five-year plan made a national "green strategy" a core platform. That means penalties for businesses that abuse the environment, as well as a focus on conservation and emissions reduction, and an emphasis on sustainable development rather than on more rapid development at any cost.

What's said is done
Starting to clean up China and having a clean China are monumentally different realities; however, some progress is being made. The country's Xinhua News Agency recently reported on some of the significant penalties that have been levied on polluters: "Companies that were identified as violating environmental laws were barred from the Canton Fair … the most important channel for Chinese exporters to expand overseas." What's more, the China Banking Regulatory Commission has "banned loans to blacklisted companies."

In other words, bad environmental practices will get you cut off from international trade and access to capital. For a small, growing business in China, that will mean fast failure.

A blueprint for green
This is not a surprise. When the Chinese government includes a platform in its five-year plan, it means business. That's why, as an investor, one of the smartest ways to think about investing in China is to focus on trends that the government has supported on the record.

This brings us to green, clean, and alternative-energy technologies, a.k.a. cleantech. 

The China State Environmental Protection Agency estimated that investment in environmental protection would top $160 billion during the current five-year period (2006-2010). What's more, China's enormous trade surplus, significant construction plans, and new focus on green initiatives have the potential to turn the country into the world's largest marketplace for cleantech.

That's good for the environment, but what's even better for investors is that there are no state-owned companies operating in the space. So unlike most commercial niches in China, where behemoths such as Aluminum Corp. of China (NYSE: ACH  ) , China Telecom (NYSE: CHA  ) , and China Netcom (NYSE: CN  ) dominate and are protected, the government will be very welcoming to foreign, public, and foreign and public companies in a rapidly growing space.

Straight cash
One public company that's already set to work on China's environmental issues is General Electric. The company is pushing its Ecomagination initiatives hard in the country, and GE China is now more than a $5 billion business. Speaking on his company's commitment, GE China CEO Steve Bertamini told Fortune, "The Chinese will lead the way in these technologies just because they have to."

But even though China will be an important lever for GE, GE is an enormous conglomerate, and the green opportunities in China alone won't help the stock double or triple from here.

Now, there are a number of companies in China with interesting market niches. KHD Humboldt Wedag (NYSE: KHD  ) , for example, is helping cement plants pursue efficient electricy cogeneration plans -- but that’s only part of its business. Canadian Solar (Nasdaq: CSIQ  ) is trying to commercialize solar power technologies for both residential and industrial uses -- but solar could still be years away from widespread implementation.

There is, however, a very small company that has already started putting a dent in air pollution in China.

That aforementioned company
Illinois-based Fuel Tech manufactures air-pollution reduction systems for use in (among other applications) coal-fired power plants. Given that China may face a 10-gigawatt energy shortage this year and already plans to build the equivalent of one coal power plant per week over the next decade, this is an enormous opportunity for Fuel Tech, a company that's already seeing adoption of its products in China and has just $87 million in trailing revenue and a $440 million market cap.

And though Fuel Tech's opportunity is enormous, the stock continues to be expensive (now trading for 55x earnings). But put the stock on your watch list. The market has a tendency to oversell "expensive" stocks when they come up just short of expectations.

There are more where those came from
The key to taking advantage of this enormous economic opportunity is to focus on quality and to demand the right price when you buy shares. To get after both of those goals, advisor Bill Mann and our Global Gains team recently visited China to meet with companies we find particularly promising, several of which operate in the green space.

You can access our research and findings from the trip, as well as our entire lineup of current international stock ideas, with a free 30-day trial of Global Gains. There is no obligation to subscribe.

This article was first published on May 30, 2008. It has been updated.

Tim Hanson does not own shares of any company mentioned. KHD is a Global Gains selection and Motley Fool holding. The Fool has a disclosure policy.


Read/Post Comments (1) | Recommend This Article (1)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On September 14, 2008, at 5:44 PM, Launchdream wrote:

    Readers may want to join Opportunities for Business (www.B2Bexchange.org). This is a b2b information exchange designed to increase client revenues and profits by cross-fertilizing qualified business ideas, needs, expertise, opportunities, services, resources and infrastructure among the global business community. Opportunities for Business helps organizations build capability, capacity and competitiveness by partnering and collaboration. For a very limited time, organizations can apply for introductory complimentary accounts by going to www.B2Bexchange.org/complimentary-account/.

Add your comment.

Sponsored Links

Leaked: Apple's Next Smart Device
(Warning, it may shock you)
The secret is out... experts are predicting 458 million of these types of devices will be sold per year. 1 hyper-growth company stands to rake in maximum profit - and it's NOT Apple. Show me Apple's new smart gizmo!

DocumentId: 724775, ~/Articles/ArticleHandler.aspx, 8/20/2014 6:07:01 AM

Report This Comment

Use this area to report a comment that you believe is in violation of the community guidelines. Our team will review the entry and take any appropriate action.

Sending report...


Advertisement