The Dow Jones Industrial Average (INDEX: ^DJI ) gets more attention than any other measure of stocks around the globe. The 30 U.S. companies that are part of the Dow give investors exposure not just to the largest economy in the world but also to the global enterprises that these multinational corporations have built.
But for those who want the diversification that international stocks provide, the Dow is not enough. In response to the needs of global investors, Dow Jones Indexes, the company behind the Dow, developed its Global Dow. Let's take a closer look at this index to discover some of the ways it gives you a broader picture of the health of stock markets around the world.
The Dow goes global
The Global Dow shares many attributes of its better-known counterpart. Like the Dow, the Dow Jones Averages Committee specifically chooses stocks to come into the Global Dow, with the goal of reflecting the breadth of the global stock market, both geographically and with its mix of industries. Moreover, the Global Dow strives to keep its constituents list stable, saving replacements for major events like mergers.
But the Global Dow has plenty of differences as well. The most obvious is its size, as the Global Dow has five times as many component companies as the Dow. With 150 stocks, the Global Dow can reflect not just well-established companies but also up-and-coming prospects that are well-placed to become tomorrow's big leaders. In addition, the index is equally weighted, avoiding the complications of price weighting from which the Dow suffers.
Filling some gaps
The Global Dow's broader scope and other advantages specifically allow it to include some stocks that the Dow leaves out. For instance, equal weighting makes it easy for the Global Dow to include Apple (Nasdaq: AAPL ) and Google without worry about their triple-digit stock prices, which has arguably been the only thing keeping them out of the Dow.
More importantly from an international perspective, the Global Dow reflects the fact that in some industries, foreign companies play a much bigger role in the global economy than their U.S. counterparts. Perhaps the most obvious example is in mining, where BHP Billiton, Rio Tinto, and Vale (NYSE: VALE ) are all giants in providing natural resources to consumers around the world and therefore have earned spots in the Global Dow. Similarly, the troubles that the U.S. auto industry went through during and after the financial crisis caused the Dow to have no auto exposure, but the Global Dow includes both Honda and Toyota as well as Germany's Daimler.
In addition, Global Dow investors get a benefit that many competing international indexes lack: emerging-market coverage. The Global Dow includes many companies from Russia, China, India, and Brazil, and although those constituents typically represent companies from those emerging economies that have already reached significant scale, many of them nevertheless have plenty of growth potential. Vale will continue to grow as long as manufacturing demand exists somewhere in the world, while Infosys (Nasdaq: INFY ) has seen its stock fall recently, but it continues to tap into cost advantages of doing consulting work in India versus other higher-cost economies.
Should you buy the Global Dow?
Buying 150 different stocks would be a colossal enterprise for any investor, so those wanting to buy the Global Dow may prefer to take advantage of the index-tracking SPDR Global Dow ETF (NYSE: DGT ) . Before doing so, though, investors should realize that the ETF is quite illiquid, with several days in the past month in which its volume has come in below the 1,000-share mark. That makes it unsuitable for anyone who plans to buy and sell shares with any frequency.
As a result, most investors should treat the Global Dow as a source of ideas rather than as an index to track directly. With the same vetting process that Dow stocks go through, the Global Dow represents the cream of the crop of the global stock market -- and investors can get some valuable insight into the world economy just by looking more closely at its component stocks.
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