SYDNEY -- Media speculation has suggested that Andrew "Twiggy" Forrest's Fortescue Metals Group (ASX: FMG.AX) and Gina Rinehart's Hancock Prospecting could do a deal to share infrastructure, which could save the companies more than $1 billion each.
Hancock Prospecting's Roy Hill project backs onto Fortescue's Cloudbreak mine, and needs a 340km railway line to Port Hedland to get its ore to a port. Fortescue already has a railway line from its mine, and the Roy Hill rail line would run alongside Fortescue's. With iron ore prices falling, the pressure is on miners to find ways to cut costs, so it makes sense for the two companies to talk.
Fortescue is already in a 50/50 joint venture with BC Iron Limited (ASX: BCI.AX), with the latter using Fortescue's rail line to deliver ore to Port Hedland.
By agreement with the Western Australian government, Fortescue's rail infrastructure is open to third parties -- subject to negotiation and capacity. With the Roy Hill project estimated to cost $9.5 billion, and talk in the industry that Hancock is struggling to get banks to finance the majority of the project, any cost cuts would make it easier to source financing. Removing the cost of building the 340km railway line would certainly help.
For Fortescue, any sharing of its infrastructure could help the company shore up its balance sheet. This comes at a time when Fortescue is under immense pressure to reduce its debt levels, as iron ore prices fall to around their lowest levels in three years. The company has embarked on a sale of assets, and deferred capital expenditure. Fortescue may struggle to meet its debt and interest obligations, at current iron prices.
Speculation is also mounting that some of the larger miners, including BHP Billiton (ASX: BHP.AX) and Brazilian giant, Vale, were running the ruler over Fortescue, which has seen the company's share price rise 15% in the past two trading days, as investors speculate it could become a takeover target.
Investors are also speculating that Atlas Iron Limited (ASX: AGO.AX) could also be a takeover target for Hancock Prospecting, given Atlas has significant free port capacity at Port Hedland.
The Foolish bottom line
With commodity prices falling, finance becoming harder to source and costs remaining high, consolidation and joint-ventures appear the only way for some to survive.
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