1 Chart All BDC Investors Must Seehttp://www.fool.com/investing/general/2013/09/23/1-chart-all-bdc-investors-must-see.aspx Jordan Wathen
September 23, 2013
As consumers, it's easy to have a jaded view of the banking system because it's easy for us to borrow money. A credit card is a few clicks away. A mortgage just requires some paperwork and a little waiting time.
But for other borrowers -- companies, in particular -- it isn't easy to raise funds.
A chart from Ares Capital's (NASDAQ: ARCC) analyst and investor day presentation really hits to the heart of where business development companies (BDC) are positioned in the financing markets:
Making the middle market make sense
Businesses that are smaller than that, though, don't have much choice when it comes to raising new funds. They can borrow from regional banks, but most are only interested in asset-based lending -- think commercial real estate loans.
Any other financing must come from middle-market lenders. This includes companies like Ares Capital, as well as Prospect Capital (NASDAQ: PSEC), the two largest business development companies by market cap.
In the lower middle market, businesses can borrow from the Small Business Investment Company (SBIC) and mezzanine funds. SBICs are funds backed by low-cost financing from the Small Business Administration (SBA), and this is how many of the smaller BDCs get traction in middle-market finance.
Main Street Capital (NYSE: MAIN) and Fifth Street Capital (NASDAQ: FSC) each manage two SBIC funds. The SBIC program is a huge driver of profits for smaller BDCs because they can borrow up to $225 million in SBA-backed vehicles at low interest rates. Combined with their equity investment, SBICs can have up to $337.5 million in capital.
The SBIC programs are mostly inconsequential for Ares and Prospect, which have balance sheets that dwarf the maximum capacity of SBICs.
Who's who in middle-market finance