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5 Things You Probably Don’t Know About Monsanto

http://www.fool.com/investing/general/2013/10/13/5-things-you-probably-dont-know-about-monsanto.aspx

Matt DiLallo
October 13, 2013

Photo credit: Flickr/Dodo-Bird

This article was updated on Oct 6, 2014.

Few companies bring out a stronger opinion than Monsanto (NYSE: MON). While the company calls itself a sustainable agriculture company, its foes call it pure evil. That begs the question, is this company simply misunderstood? Let's take a quick look at five facts that few people probably know about the seed giant.

No. 1: Monsanto had sweet beginnings
In 1901 John Queeny had an idea. He wanted to start a simple business to manufacture the artificial sweetener saccharine here in America. The goal was to supply his customers with a sweetener that would do the same job as sugar but at a lower cost. It was that initial motivation to help customers do more with less that has endured at the company he founded and named after his wife.

No. 2: The one customer that changed everything
Monsanto didn't find success right away. In fact, if it wasn't for the one customer that bought its entire production run in 1903 and 1905, the company might not have survived. That big customer was Coca-Cola (NYSE: KO), which at the time was experimenting with saccharine to sweeten its beverage product.

No. 3: The molecule that changed farming forever
In 1970 a young Monsanto chemist named John Franz made a discovery that changed farming. He discovered a molecule called glyphosate, which is now the active ingredient in Roundup herbicides. It allowed farmers to kill almost every weed that had plagued them for as long as people have been farming. The find landed Franz in the National Inventors Hall of Fame and enabled Monsanto to continue helping customers do more with less.

No. 4: The problem of population
The world's population is growing, and with it there are more mouths to feed with less arable land on which to grow crops. In fact, the world's farmers must produce more food in the next 50 years than their forebears produced in the past 10,000 years. Toward this goal, Monsanto's goal is to double its core crop yie