There are few things as aggravating as working with someone addicted to knowing, or even controlling, your every move. According to Robert Sutton, Ph.D., Stanford professor and author of The No A---ole Rule, "control freaks" are one of the 10 archetypes of a terrible boss. "The control freak not only asks all of the questions, he answers them all too," says Sutton. "He'll give you advice even when he has no expertise." The control freak believes that if they aren't holding your hand, you're probably going to screw it up.
At first, it might not have felt like your boss was a control freak. They may have come off as thoughtful or thorough, eager to set you on the right track. But over time, you probably noticed some subtle signs that their "support" was having the opposite effect.
Let's delve deeper into these tendencies, explore the subtle signs of a control freak, and learn how to deal with a boss that perpetuates this behavior.
5 subtle signs your boss is a control freak
1. They're dependent
A controlling boss tends to stifle professional growth and development. Encouraging success and independence among you and your co-workers is not their goal. They need to be needed. Thus the constant CC'ing on emails and need to be involved every step of the way. They might play a role in every task, require approval of minutiae, sit in on all meetings, take a slice of every project, or ask to see everything you do.
How to deal with a dependent boss
Their need for dependency is a symptom of insecurity. They could be viewing you or your co-workers as a threat to their job or competence.
- Encourage their strengths and let them be the expert on what they're genuinely good at (this is called managing up).
- Give them regular visibility into your work -- Alphabet's Google Sheets or task managers that let them independently view progress without having to bug you all the time.
- Communicate early and often. But also be aware that their love of frequent status reports can lead to critique or complete revision, so proceed with caution.
- Try not to take controlling behavior criticism personally. If the behavior is this severe, it's likely that they treat everyone and everything this way. It's not you, it's them.
2. They don't trust you
Maybe they put all their instructions to you in writing and ask that you confirm everything you do in writing as well. They might follow up on deadlines a million times even before they arrive (and even though you meet them every time). They insist on reviewing/approving everything you do (much like the dependent boss above). Maybe they assume it's your fault when something goes wrong or ask "What did you do wrong?" instead of "Let's talk about what happened."
This behavior can create an uncomfortable or even toxic work environment. But don't let this hold you back from your work or allow it to tear down your confidence.
How to deal with a distrustful boss
This lack of trust may come from a level above them -- perhaps your boss has a manager who exhibits similar behavior or gets disproportionately angry when projects fail.
- When things go well, give them a report as to why. Show them what role you played in the good work and how you plan to repeat that success again. This can help them build trust in you and represent you well if they have micromanaging superiors.
- When things go wrong, give them a plan for making it right. Show them that you see the error and have a plan to either correct it now or avoid the same mistake in the future.
3. They dominate meetings
While meetings are an important tool for getting projects done in the workplace, control freaks don't have effective meeting skills. Instead, they yell to make a point, bark orders at staff, talk on and on without involving the rest of the group, or shut down ideas immediately.
How to deal with a domineering boss
As much as you want to roll your eyes at this behavior, don't. One of the most effective wants to influence behavior change in a controlling boss is to maintain a completely neutral response while they are talking, then report it when it crosses the line.
- Stay as neutral as possible. Giving emotionally charged feedback can prolong their endless monologue as it validates or feeds their rant.
- Document their behavior and language along with dates, times, context, and who else was present. This will be key when reporting an abusive boss.
- If their behavior is abusive, hostile, or discriminatory, report it. Talk to another higher-up you trust or go to HR.
4. They don't listen
There's nothing more frustrating than suggesting ideas and improvements to your boss only to have those ideas ignored. A controlling manager typically isn't the best listener. Their arrogance and focus on themselves keep them shut off from their team and closed off to new suggestions.
How to deal with a boss who doesn't listen
Try positioning your needs, ideas, and feedback in terms of what's in it for them. While your suggestions might be great, if it's not a priority for your boss (i.e., they don't see the benefit to them), it won't be heard or acted upon.
5. They don't inspire good, creative work
Controlling managers rarely lead by example. They don't motivate you to perform your best, try new things, or develop your skills in the workplace. They can be dismissive, suffocating, nitpicking, and intimidating (in all the wrong ways).
How to deal with a demotivating, control-freak boss
- Sometimes you need to be your own inspiration.
- Make a personal career plan to help you track your projects and set goals for your development.
- Look to peers you trust to give you feedback on your job performance.
- Find a mentor outside the office.
- Create your own conditions for motivation and success by breaking a habit that doesn't serve you or learning a new skill that does.