Everyone knows dividend-seeking investors like top utility stocks. But if interest rates keep rising, what would it mean for the relative attractiveness of their dividend yields? With the U.S. presidential election over, Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen has been making increasingly hawkish statements on interest rates, so utility investors need to think carefully about 2017. That said, here's an analysis of the best utility stocks to buy.

Why utility stocks are interest rate-sensitive

Before we go any further, here are a few cautionary words on interest rates. If you know where interest rates are headed, you can make significantly more money than you ever could on equities. The point of this exercise is to understand the risk in your utility stocks from exposure to rising interest rates, in order to better balance your portfolio. For example, you could buy some stocks that benefit from higher interest rates in order to diversify risk.

Electrical lines at sunset

Electric utilities tend to have favorable dividends. Image source: Getty Images.

Digression over, here's why utility stocks are seen as sensitive to interest rates:

  • Utilities produce relatively stable income streams, and dividends which become less attractive as interest rates rise.  .
  • They usually carry debt, which can be interest rate sensitive.
  • Empirical evidence (see below) suggests dividend yields do correlate with long bond yields

To flesh out these points, first consider that a jump in the 10 year treasury yield of 2.3% to say 3.5% is an increase of 52% which means a utility will have to increase its dividends paid by 52% just in order to keep pace with the rare increase and the price of the stock will still be the same.

Second, with regard to empirical evidence, it's far from decisive so readers are invited to draw their own conclusions. The chart below shows the 10 year treasury yield (x-axis) compared to the dividend yield on the S&P 500. As you can see the data is a pretty good fit and suggests as rates rise the market will demand a higher dividend yield.

The 10-year treasury yield (x-axis) compared to the dividend yield of utility stocks on the S&P 500 is asending.

Data source: S&P 500. Chart and analysis by author.

What's happened, and what to do

Although it's far from an exact correlation, a look at the chart of the U.S. Treasury's 10-year yield, compared to four of the largest utilities listed -- NextEra Energy, Inc. (NYSE:NEE), Duke Energy Corporation (NYSE:DUK), Dominion Resources, Inc. (NYSE:D), and The Southern Company (NYSE:SO) -- shows how closely related utility yields and interest rates are:

10 Year Treasury Rate Chart

10-Year Treasury Rate data by YCharts.

What this means to you is that as interest rates rise, utility stocks are likely to fall in price because investors deem their dividend yields less attractive. Indeed, in the last month, the yield on the 10-year Treasury has jumped from around 1.8% to 2.4% as of this writing; as illustrated below, all the utility stocks discussed below were in negative territory during that period:

ES Chart

ES data by YCharts.

In response, investors in utility stocks might look for the following in each stock:

  • Good dividends and potential growth in dividends
  • Hasn't been overloading on debt in order to generate earnings
  • A manageable debt-to-equity ratio

List of best utility stocks

In order to test for these qualities, I've compiled the following table. All stocks were selected because they have a yield above 3%.

The "R" column represents the rate of return on the stock implied by the current stock price; a higher number is better. It's generated using the Gordon growth model, with calculations based on dividend, price, dividend growth-rate potential, and 10-year average return on equity. Here's how it breaks down:  R=(D/P)+G , where G=ROE(1-D/P). D is dividend, P is price, G is dividend growth-rate potential, and ROE is 10-year average return on equity.:


Dividend Yield

R Financial Leverage


NextEra Energy





Duke Energy Corporation


5.6% 2.8 1.1
Dominion Resources 3.9% 6.4% 4.2 1.9
The Southern Company 4.8% 6.8% 3.6 1.7
PG & E Corporation 3.2% 2% 4.1 1
PPL Corporation 4.6% 10.9% 3.9 1.8
Eversource Energy 3.4% 7% 3.6 0.9

Data source: company presentations. Chart and analysis by author.

Three tests

Because the implied rate of return on their stocks is too low, the first line of testing rejects PG&E Corporation (NYSE:PCG) and Duke Energy Corporation.

Financial leverage is simply a measure of how a company's EPS (earnings per share) changes in relation to its EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes); a high number implies a company has been building up debt in order to generate earnings growth. For these reasons, Dominion Resources and PPL Corporation (NYSE:PPL) don't make the cut.

The final test compares debt to shareholder equity; a higher ratio is bad. For this reason, The Southern Company and NextEra Energy get the axe.

The top utility stock is...

All of this leaves Eversource Energy (NYSE:ES) as the best all-round pick of the stocks. All told, the New England-focused utility, formed by a 2012 merger between Northeast Utilities and NSTAR, offers a combination of generous dividend, some capital-growth prospects, and manageable debt -- and it hasn't been loading up on debt in order to generate growth.

In addition, analysts expect a 6% EPS growth rate for the next couple of years, and Eversource Energy is well placed to deal with rising interest rates.