What happened

Shares of the three Detroit automakers were trading down on Friday morning, as auto investors turned pessimistic after Ford Motor Company (NYSE:F) and General Motors (NYSE:GM) announced cost cuts.

Here's where these companies' stocks were trading as of 10:30 a.m. EDT:

  • Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (NYSE:FCAU), down 6.6% from Thursday's closing price.
  • Ford, down 3.7%.
  • GM, down 7.1%.

So what

Last week, FCA, Ford, and GM all shut down their factories in North America to reduce inventories and help slow the spread of the COVID-19 virus. With very little revenue coming in for the time being, all three are now focusing on bolstering their cash hoards and cutting spending -- and their stocks are falling as auto investors come to terms with the implications. 

Here's where things stood with each on Friday morning.

Fiat Chrysler Automobiles

FCA said on Thursday that it had agreed to a new 3.5-billion-euro ($3.8 billion) line of credit with two banks, for "general corporate purposes and for working capital needs." The new credit line is in addition to FCA's existing credit facilities, worth about 7.7 billion euros. Those existing facilities include a 1.5-billion-euro line of credit that the company has begun to draw down, FCA said.

FCA is in the midst of merger talks with French automaker Peugeot (OTC:PUGOY); Peugeot parent PSA Group confirmed on Thursday that those talks are proceeding as planned despite the coronavirus pandemic. The deal is expected to close in the first quarter of 2021. 

Ford Motor Company

CEO Jim Hackett told Ford employees on Thursday that a wave of cost cuts is coming -- but those cuts will not include job reductions. Hackett said that Ford's top 300 executives will defer 20% to 50% of their salaries for at least five months, beginning on May 1. While Ford will freeze hiring and defer merit-based salary increases for the time being, Hackett said, the company's goal is to get through the crisis without eliminating jobs.

A Ford Super Duty pickup parked in front of the company's Kentucky Truck Plant.

Ford is hoping to reopen several of its truck factories in April. Image source: Ford Motor Company.

Separately, Ford said that it's aiming to restart production at a few North American factories in April. The factories in question make pickups, commercial vehicles, and Ford's Fusion and Lincoln MKZ sedans.

General Motors

CEO Mary Barra told GM employees on Thursday that nearly all of the company's salaried employees will have 20% of their compensation deferred, beginning on April 1. Executives will defer 25%, and members of GM's senior management team will have 30% deferred.

The deferred amounts will be paid back in a lump sum by March 15 of next year, Barra said.

Salaried employees who can't work from home, mostly engineers and manufacturing experts, will receive 75% of their pay plus benefits in lieu of being laid off. That includes about 6,500 people in the United States.

GM is also cutting back many of its future-product development programs. But it has told suppliers that its upcoming full-size SUV launches, its electric-vehicle programs, and the self-driving Cruise Origin taxi will remain on schedule. 

Now what

There's still a lot we don't know, and (in all likelihood) a lot that the companies themselves have yet to sort out. All three companies will report first-quarter sales next week, and first-quarter earnings in late April or early May. We'll know much more about the state of their operations and their expectations for the next few months after those reports.