Another attempt to repurpose an existing drug into a COVID-19 treatment has failed. In a phase 3 study with 420 severely ill COVID-19 patients, adding an anti-inflammation drug called Kevzara to standard hospital care didn't produce any significant benefits.
Kevzara from the partners Sanofi (SNY 1.01%) and Regeneron (REGN -0.02%) is an interleukin 6 (IL-6) inhibitor approved by the FDA to treat rheumatoid arthritis patients. It's almost always a bad idea to suppress an immune system when it's trying to fight COVID-19 or any infection, except in extreme cases when that immune system enters a lethal hyperinflammatory state.
Kevzara isn't the first IL-6 that has failed to provide a mortality benefit for severe COVID-19 patients. In July, Actemra, an IL-6 drug from Roche (RHHBY -0.61%), failed to improve patients' clinical status or prevent their deaths.
Fortunately, a widely available option has been proven capable where pricey IL-6 treatments have failed. Dexamethasone, a decades-old steroid has been shown to reduce the risk of death by 35% for ventilated COVID-19 patients.
Regeneron isn't pursuing Kevzara as a treatment for COVID-19 anymore, but the biotech isn't finished addressing the pandemic. At the moment, the company is running three pivotal studies with an experimental antibody cocktail tentatively named REGN-COV2.
Regeneron developed REGN-COV2 to mimic a pair of antibodies human immune systems produce in response to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. This is an approach that worked with REGN-EB3, an antibody cocktail that significantly reduced the risk of death from the Ebola virus in 2019.