Experts across industries can give investors a good idea of where the economy's heading. In an interview with CNBC this week, Bank of America (BAC -0.65%) CEO Brian Moynihan discussed what he's seeing through the lens of one of the biggest banks in America. Moynihan pointed out a shift in consumer spending trends that could help relieve inflationary pressures in some parts of the economy -- but expressed concerns about one factor that could keep inflation elevated going forward.
Consumer bank balances are healthy
As CEO of Bank of America, Moynihanis in a position where he can get a feel for consumer's outlook by studying their banking activity. Moynihan noted that consumers' bank account balances remain stable -- growing from last year for the broad base of customers.
Bank of America noted that consumer account balances were up 14% on average during its first quarter. He went on to say that people still haven't spent their stimulus money, and that balances did dip slightly in April, but that was expected with tax payments coming due. Overall, Moynihan sees healthy account balances at pre-pandemic levels across Bank of America's 35 million checking accounts.
Spending in this sector is up
In addition, Moynihan noted that spending levels in May were up 10% from last year, with restaurants and travel-related spending -- the latter up 40% -- leading the way.
However, retail goods spending was flat from last year. Slower retail spending was one reason Walmart and Target cut guidance on earnings. The retailers have seen a buildup in inventories, a potential sign of slowing consumer spending on goods.
Here's what could keep inflation elevated
One other topic Moynihan touched on was the tight labor market. He noted that there were "two job openings for every job" and that the unemployment rate is projected to be very tight from a historical context. The unemployment rate for April was 3.6% -- right near pre-pandemic levels, which were already historically low.
The low unemployment rate is a positive sign and, coupled with the high number of job openings, makes it an employee's market. As a result, Moynihan is concerned we could see wage inflation as employers compete for a smaller pool of workers. So, while the Bank of America CEO is optimistic that goods inflation -- rising prices for the things people buy -- will come down, he's concerned wage inflation could be a tougher nut to crack.
Moynihan's remarks suggest that people are eager to get out and vacation two years after the pandemic first emerged. But retail spending could continue to slow down; combined with high inventory levels, that could pressure the sector's profits in the short term. This slowdown in demand could put a damper on inflation in retail goods in the next few months.
Lastly, you'll want to keep an eye on wage inflation. Some economists have expressed concern about the wage-price spiral, which occurs when wages rise to keep up with inflation, in turn causing companies to raise their prices because of the higher cost of labor. Once this cycle starts, it can be hard to stop, and could cause inflation to stick around for even longer than expected.
One thing you can do during inflationary periods is invest in good companies with strong balance sheets. Dividend stocks can be a solid choice, too, as they have historically accounted for a larger share of the market's returns during inflationary periods.