Although we don't believe in timing the market or panicking over market movements, we do like to keep an eye on big changes -- just in case they're material to our investing thesis.

What: While it wasn't a March to forget, it certainly wasn't a March Chesapeake Energy Corp. (OTC:CHKA.Q) investors will remember fondly. That's because the stock dropped 14% for the month.

CHK Chart

CHK data by YCharts.

Clearly, weaker oil and gas prices fueled some of the stock sell-off. However, the company was also hit with an analyst underperform rating, and it cut another $500 million from its 2015 capital expenditure program. Mix it all together and you have a recipe for very poor stock performance.

So what: Of these three negative factors, the one that matters the most to the company's underlying business performance was the capex cut. Prior to the March revision, the company's 2015 capex budget was already 37% lower than what it spent in 2014. That first reduction, from $6.7 billion to a range of $4 billion-$4.5 billion, was expected to result in production growth of just 3%-5% in 2015 (down from 9% adjusted production growth in 2014). After shaving another $500 million off its spending, the company now only expects 1%-3% production growth in 2015.

This minimal growth isn't what investors want to see from what was supposed to be a growth stock. However, there are two reasons for the second cut to capex. First, the original plan would have resulted in the company outspending its capex budget by several hundred million dollars. The new plan has the company investing within cash flow. The other reason for the cut was continuing weak commodity prices, meaning there's less incentive to overspend when the returns just aren't there right now. 

Now what: Chesapeake, like many of its oil and natural gas peers, is adjusting to market conditions by adjusting its spending. The company has significant flexibility to do so thanks to its strongest balance sheet in years. Its plan is to wait out the market and then restart its growth engine when commodity prices are higher.

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium advisory service. We’re motley! Questioning an investing thesis -- even one of our own -- helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer.