Over the past few weeks, we've heard the latest earnings results from major retailers, and for the most part, they have been weak. The culprit, as is often the case in this sector, was anemic same-store sales growth and less than enthusiastic guidance for the near future. However, amid the less than robust results, and even though its own shares weren't spared in the sell-off, J.C. Penney (NYSE:JCP) was a surprising outlier. Don't be fooled by the broad sector sell-off. As we'll see, J.C. Penney's turnaround is on track, and recent events represent a classic case of Wall Street myopia.

Brief history
J.C. Penney's troubles started in 2012, when it shunned its age-old coupon-loving customers in favor of becoming a hipper, more tech-savvy retailer. J.C. Penney's management, led by Apple Store creator Ron Johnson, did away with coupons and several discount brands and gave employees iPads. The move was an unmitigated disaster. J.C. Penney's traditional customers left in droves, because, as we now know, there's nothing the American consumer loves more than to believe they're getting a good deal.

JCP Chart

JCP data by YCharts

Which brings us to today. Shares are far off from their 2014 high of just under $43 per share, but they've recovered from the depths of its worst lows. It wasn't long ago that the word "bankruptcy" was uttered in the same breath with the name of the 103-year-old retailer, as shares traded hands for as little as $5. The operational contrast with today is staggering.

JCP Chart

JCP data by YCharts

Gross margins are expanding, customers are returning (with coupons in hand), and unprofitable stores have been shuttered thanks to the efforts of former CEO Myron "Mike" Ullman, who came out of retirement three years ago to save his beloved company. Ullman only recently handed the reins over to current CEO Marvin Ellison, who has been continuing the turnaround strategy.

Recent results
Results in the company's latest quarter were right on pace. Same-store sales were up 6.4% year-over-year, while gross margin expanded to 37.3%, well above the 23.8% the company produced in the quarter ended Feb. 2, 2014. Revenue came in at $2.9 billion for the quarter, up 5.07% year-over-year. SG&A expenses decreased $41 million to $947 million, further proof that the company's cost-cutting initiatives are taking hold.

The company did report a GAAP loss of $137 million, or $0.45 per share, but that figure includes restructuring costs of $14 million, and those expenses are to be expected in any turnaround effort. This quarter's red ink was also markedly better than the $188 million GAAP loss the company registered in the same period last year.

Looking ahead to the full year, which will of course include the all-important holiday season, the company expects to be breakeven on a free cash flow basis. Not too shabby for a retailer that was considered to be doomed just a year and a half ago.

J.C. Penney's impressive performance becomes all the more apparent when we compare its results with those of the competition, namely Macy's (NYSE:M) and Nordstrom (NYSE:JWN):

For the quarter ended Oct. 31, 2015:

 Company

Same-Store Sales Growth

Revenue GrowthYear-Over-Year Profit Growth
J.C. Penney  6.4% 4.8% N/A
Macy's (3.9%) (5.2%)  (8.2%)
Nordstrom 0.9% 6.6%  (21.9%)**

Source: Corporate 10-Q filings
* Excludes store closing costs of $111 million
** Excludes cost of $32 million associated with sale of credit card portfolio

Granted, J.C. Penney is still in the red. But there's cause for optimism when reflecting on the guidance each company's management team gave in their most recent quarterly conference calls.

Macy's CEO Terry J. Lundgren, on the fiscal 2016 third quarter conference call:

As you see from our press release, we had a very tough quarter, and we are clearly disappointed with the 3.6% decline in comp store sales of owned and licensed businesses and the 8% drop in earnings per share. We believe that the retail industry is going through a tough period; we seem to experience something like this every five to seven years or so. And this one's still familiar in that regard.

Nordstrom Executive Vice President and CFO Michael G. Koppel, on the fiscal 2015 third quarter conference call:

This quarter, we experienced a sequential slowdown in sales trends. For several previous quarters, our comp sales were solidly in the mid-single digit range, driving a high single digit total sales growth. In August, we began to see a slowdown that progressed throughout the quarter, remaining relatively steady at a 1% comp sales trend. As these lower trends persisted, we immediately began to adjust our operating plans, including aligning our inventories with expected sales. Our results reflect those efforts, which included increased markdowns and a reduction in sales plans for the remainder of the year.

J.C. Penney CFO Edward Record:

Comparable-store sales grew 6.4% for the quarter. Our brick-and-mortar business comped up mid-single digits this quarter, and our dot-com results accelerated versus last quarter. As mentioned earlier, all merchandise divisions for the quarter had positive comp store sales gains over last year, with Men's, Home, Sephora, Footwear, and Handbags being our strongest-performing categories. All regions of the country saw sales gains during the third quarter, with the Southern and Western regions delivering the best comps. ... Looking ahead to Q4 and beyond, we expect continued improvement in our gross margin from increased penetration and improved margins in our private brands, better clearance profitability, and, as [Ellison] discussed, expected benefits from systems utilization, supply-chain efficiency and pricing analytics."

These statements speak for themselves. 

Rumors of J.C. Penney's demise have been greatly exaggerated
Aided by store-within-a-store attractions such as Sephora, and fueled by coupons and traditional sales, J.C. Penney appears to still have room in the department store sector. All that remains to be seen is whether total sales will return to where they once were. At that point, the company's gross margins, which have already recovered, will take care of profitability.

If management's third quarter statements are any indication, J.C. Penney's rebound is more than on track going into the 2015 holiday season. But that's not to say it's going to be smooth sailing back to the glory days. According to analysts polled by S&P Capital IQ, J.C. Penney will probably post total sales this year of approximately $12.64 billion, well below the $17.76 billion it logged in fiscal 2011. 

J.C. Penney is bloodied and bruised, but it's getting up from the mat and shouldn't be considered down for the count. It's probably best for Foolish investors not to dive headfirst into these shares just yet but to ignore the progress the company has made recently is to turn a blind eye to reality. Invest accordingly. 

Sean O'Reilly has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool owns shares of and recommends Apple. The Motley Fool recommends Nordstrom. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.