The economic fallout from the coronavirus pandemic continues, and lawmakers in Washington trying to address the impact that lockdowns have had on certain segments of the economy. Stimulus checks helped tens of millions of Americans who'd lost their jobs as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak, but it's uncertain whether another round of broad-based financial support will get through Congress. Efforts like the HEROES Act have stalled in the Senate, where there's been more emphasis on tailored measures targeting specific industries.
One new measure would have a huge direct impact on the travel and leisure industry. The proposal, dubbed the Explore America Tax Credit, would give people a huge incentive to support restaurants, airlines, hotels, cruise ship operators, and attractions -- businesses that have taken a disproportionate hit from the pandemic. Yet with the proposal still being fleshed out, it's uncertain what the exact details will be, or whether the measure will really get people to explore parts of America that are all that far from their homes.
The concept of the travel and leisure tax credit
President Trump referred to the Explore America Tax Credit in his remarks to a roundtable of restaurant industry executives last month. His comments at that gathering were extremely limited, referring only to the idea it would be a tax break that "Americans can use for domestic travel, including visits to restaurants."
Since then, some possible details of how such a credit would work have come to light. One idea would involve giving people a credit of up to 50% on spending of up to $8,000 per household. Permitted expenses would include airfare, rental car charges, hotels, theme parks, and restaurants. The credit would apply in 2020 and 2021, although it's unclear whether the provision would be limited to a total of $4,000 or would allow that amount each year for two separate years.
Plans are up in the air
The problem for those thinking about how to make best use of the travel credit is that further details aren't available. A quick search of proposed legislation showed no record of any bills that include the Explore America Tax Credit, and industry watchers haven't been able to find the provision included in any bills currently under consideration.
That leaves several key questions unanswered, including the following:
- Will the same income limits that applied to stimulus payments apply to the credit as well?
- Will the percentage of expenses allowed as a credit vary by income level?
- Will there be any requirement that eligible expenses be connected to travel that's a certain minimum distance away from taxpayers' homes? In other words, could someone use the credit to eat at their neighborhood restaurants, or would they have to demonstrate that it was part of a vacation away from home?
- Would spending on travel expenses prior to passage of the bill be eligible for the credit, or should people put off their travel plans until the idea gains more traction?
Moreover, President Trump linked his comments about the credit with other tax measures related to deductions for business-related meals and entertainment. Those are priorities that the White House had even before the pandemic, but they would also play a role in bolstering the amount of spending at restaurants.
Don't expect fast action
With summer vacation season approaching and many states looking to reopen their economies, it'd be nice if taxpayers had a clue whether the Explore America Tax Credit has any realistic shot of becoming law. However, 2020 tax planning is already a nightmare with all the potential measures on the table. Answers aren't likely to come quickly -- and for a measure that's intended to give people incentives to take action, delays will be counterproductive.