Fool.com: Three Categories of Drips [Drip] February 8, 2000

DRIP PORTFOLIO
Three Categories of Drips

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By George L. Smyth (GLSmyth@ari.net)
February 8, 2000

[Please note: Beginning today and typically running every Tuesday, George Smyth, one of the most active and longtime Fools on the Drip message boards, will pen a Drip Port column. We're very honored and grateful to be able to welcome George to this space! So, without further ado, here he is, a Fool most of you know and admire, put your hands together for George!]

I am more than a little gratified to have the opportunity to offer my observations on a weekly basis. At times, I will be looking at the conversations on the Drip investing boards and carrying things a little further. Other times I will grab a topic out of the air and go with that. A mix of fact and opinion will probably result that may serve as fodder for additional conversation on the boards. Hopefully, I won't stoop to complaints about how poorly the Orioles are doing or why West Virginia University Basketball is never shown on television.

This week I would like to begin with a question I have seen more than once. I am glad to see the question, as it means that when unsure, people are using the forum before acting. However, the question tells me that those of us who have been around the block more than once need to work harder to get the word out.

The question is, "Can anyone besides BuyAndHold buy your first share for your Drip?" The question is looking for a category three solution to a category one situation. Allow me to explain.

When we talk about Dividend Reinvestment Plans on the boards, companies fall into one or more of three categories: standard Drips, direct plans, and "Pseudo-Drips." We need to ensure an understanding of each category. Since this can't be done with a single swipe, I will discuss these over the next few weeks.

The first category is that of companies offering the standard Drip plan. One can find a complete list of these companies at www.MoneyPaper.com, which maintains an exceptionally informative website. The two means of entering the standard plan are 1) to use a service like Temper of the Times (affiliated with MoneyPaper) or www.Better-Investing.org, or 2) to do it yourself.

For a nominal charge ($20), Temper will purchase the minimum number of shares to qualify for the plan (they also have an option to purchase more than the minimum). Following purchase, they will register the shares in the purchaser's name and send the appropriate information to the company's plan administrator for establishment in the company's Drip.

Doing things yourself is not complicated. After purchasing your initial share (or shares) through a discount broker, you need to request the certificate. This is because the real owner of the share you purchased is the broker, not you. This stock is commonly referred to as being in "street name."

When you obtain the stock certificate, you become the actual owner of the stock (check with your broker as there may be a charge for this service). The only other step is to request an application from the company's transfer agent. After filling it out, you're done.

The second category is that of direct investment plans. These companies generally offer an entry into the Drip through an initial large purchase, which commonly ranges from $250 to $1,000. The most commonly utilized site for taking this route is Netstock Direct.

All companies offering a direct option also offer a standard option, but it doesn't work the other way around. This direct option allows one to get going with the plan more quickly than purchasing through a discount broker or using a service to get started. Of course, with the decision to make numerous purchases over at least the ensuing decade, a month either way is inconsequential.

Another advantage is that the direct option may be a less expensive way to start. As each company's requirements are different, it is worthwhile to make a comparison before coming to a decision.

Regardless of which direction one chooses, the end result is the same: enrollment in the company's plan. The only difference is how one gets there.

The third category may or may not involve dividend reinvestment, and has nothing whatsoever to do with the company's plan. This makes it odd for inclusion in this discussion. However, as we have broadened the board conversations to include dollar cost averaging in general, anything that makes this strategy affordable to us "hundredaires" and "thousandaires" is fair game. This third category is the "Pseudo-Drip."

Next week I'll discuss this category, and where its advantages and disadvantages lie.

Drip Portfolio

2/8/00 Closing Numbers
Ticker Company Dly Pr Chg Price
CPBCAMPBELL SOUP9/16$28.38
INTCINTEL CORP7/8$108.81
JNJJOHNSON & JOHNSON5/8$82.06
MELMELLON FINANCIAL CORP1/2$33.44

  Day Week Month Year
To Date
Since
7/28/97
Annualized
Drip 1.01% 2.44% 2.80% 8.52% 40.99% 14.51%
S&P 500 1.32% 1.22% 3.39% -1.87% 53.58% 18.44%
S&P 500(DA) 1.32% 1.22% 3.39% -1.87% 56.20% 19.23%
S&P 500(DCA) n/a n/a n/a n/a 27.76% 10.15%
NASDAQ 2.45% 4.32% 12.36% 8.80% 182.08% 50.54%

Trade Date # Shares Ticker Cost/Share Price LT % Val Chg
9/8/9722.9799INTC45.635$108.81138.44%
11/14/9711.811JNJ80.721$82.061.66%
11/5/9831.3788MEL34.307$33.44-2.53%
4/13/988.174CPB54.586$28.38-48.02%

Trade Date # Shares Ticker Cost Value LT $ Val Ch
9/8/9722.9799INTC$1,048.68$2,500.50$1,451.82
11/14/9711.811JNJ$953.39$969.24$15.85
11/5/9831.3788MEL$1,076.51$1,049.23($27.28)
4/13/988.174CPB$446.18$231.94($214.24)
  Cash: $24.38  
  Total: $4,775.28  


Key
• S&P 500 (DA) = dividend adjusted. Dividends have been added to the total return of the index.

Note
Drip Port launched with $500 on July 28, 1997, adds $100 to invest every month, and the goal is to own $150,000 in stock by August of the year 2017. Due to the slow nature of dollar-cost-averaging and our relatively significant starting costs, we do not expect to seriously challenge the S&P 500 for the first three to five years as we build an investment base. The long-term advantages of dollar-cost-averaging still overcome the short-term disadvantages, however. Final note: our investment in Campbell Soup is frozen due to fees instituted in its investment plan. Click here for a history of all Drip Port transactions.