The latest selection for my Special Situations portfolio is a small-cap bank that has recently demutualized. That bank is Franklin Financial
Franklin Financial operates Franklin Federal Savings Bank, located in the Richmond, Va., area. It offers the standard range of bank services. Following a demutualization and cash infusion, the bank returned to profitability in 2011, and has remained there over the last 12 months.
While return on equity is unimpressive -- just 1% over the last four quarters -- the thing to look at is book value. The company trades at 0.82 times tangible book value. So the upside here might not be huge, but it's real, and the downside is limited, unlike what we might find in other highly leveraged financial players, many of which engage in riskier activities and dubious accounting.
Price/Tangible Book Value
Bank of America
Source: S&P Capital IQ.
Franklin Financial is cash-rich, with equity at 24% of assets, suggesting it is overcapitalized. And more important, there are clear catalysts in place to realize that value -- that's why I'm buying.
Why I'm buying
First, the company undertook a demutualization in early 2011. It switched from a mutual holding company and sold more than 12 million shares at $10 a pop as it became a publicly traded company. Overnight it doubled its tangible book value -- making shares a great value so long as the company survived. Demutualization is one of the classic special situations -- one that Peter Lynch took advantage of following the S&L crisis some 20 years ago. Many banks end up being acquired a few years after the demutualization, too.
Second, earlier this month the company announced a share-repurchase program that allows it to buy up to 5% of its outstanding stock through Oct. 31. That move should help increase tangible book value per share for remaining shareholders, since the company would likely buy below book. It's also a typical move in demutualizations, where overcapitalization leads to the company repurchasing shares.
Third, we also have an activist investor or two hunting around for value. Earlier this year, Lawrence Seidman filed a 13-D, indicating his activist intentions. In the filing, Seidman stated that the shares were undervalued -- they were around $13 then -- and that he had had "several conversations with management... concerning ways... to increase shareholder value" and will continue having these conversations. Stilwell Value, a well-known fund in this area of the market, also owns almost 1% of shares.
Risks and return
The risks here are typical for any bank -- bad underwriting and a poor economy that increases charge-offs -- with the added element of Franklin's geographic concentration in the Richmond area. But with such a high ratio of equity to assets and the catalysts I mentioned above, I expect this stock to appreciate to at least book value. If it can start to earn a reasonable return on equity, then it could rise above that, perhaps giving us as much as a 50% return from our price here.
So my Special Situations portfolio will buy $1,000 of the stock on the next trading day.