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DuPont vs. Dow Chemical: Which Stock's Dividend Dominates?

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Dividend stocks outperform nondividend-paying stocks over the long run. It happens in good markets and bad, and the benefit of dividends can be quite striking -- dividend payments have made up about 40% of the market's average annual return from 1936 to the present day.

But few of us can invest in every single dividend-paying stock on the market, and even if we could, we're likely to find better gains by being selective. Today, two of America's oldest and largest chemical companies will square off in a head-to-head battle to determine which offers a better dividend for your portfolio.

Tale of the tape
Founded in 1802, DuPont (NYSE: DD  ) is the world's third-largest chemical producer by market capitalization, and is also one of the components on the Dow Jones Industrial Average. DuPont operates in more than 90 countries and boasts in excess of 150 research and development centers and 70,000 employees. Over the past century, the company has operated in such diverse segments as gunpowder, automobiles, fabrics, plastics, agriculture, construction, electronics, and nutrition, and it continues to produce innovative new chemicals and products today. DuPont even broke into the energy industry with its acquisition of Conoco in 1981, but this tie-up ended in 1998.

Founded in 1897, Dow Chemical (NYSE: DOW  ) is the largest chemical manufacturer in the U.S. and the second-largest by revenue in the world after BASF. Headquartered in Midland, Mich., the chemical giant provides more than 5,000 technology-based products and solutions, which are manufactured at more than 188 facilities in 36 countries, to customers in more than 160 countries. Dow manages its global operations through a number of subsidiaries, including the well-known Union Carbide, and through joint ventures such as Dow Corning.



Dow Chemical

Market cap

$55.8 billion

$50.4 billion

P/E ratio



Trailing 12-month profit margin



TTM free cash flow margin*



Five-year total return 



Source: Morningstar and YCharts.
* Free cash flow margin is free cash flow divided by revenue for the trailing 12 months.

Round one: endurance (dividend-paying streak)
DuPont began its payouts about 110 years ago. Dow Chemical began paying quarterly dividends in 1977 and has been paying ever since. A 37-year long dividend-paying streak might be impressive in most cases, but it can't hold a candle to DoPont's streak.

Winner: DuPont, 1-0.

Round two: stability (dividend-raising streak)
According to Dividata, DuPont and Dow Chemical's dividend payouts were both hurt by the financial crisis. DuPont held payouts steady from the end of 2007 to the beginning of 2012, while Dow actually reduced its payouts in 2008, only to increase them again in 2011. Since Dow's current payout remains below the level its of pre-crisis dividends, we'll award this point to DoPont as well.

Winner: DuPont, 2-0.

Round three: power (dividend yield)
Some dividends are enticing, but others are merely tokens that barely affect an investor's decision. Have our two companies sustained strong yields over time? Let's take a look:

DD Dividend Yield (TTM) Chart

DD Dividend Yield (TTM) data by YCharts.

Winner: Dow Chemical, 1-2.

Round four: strength (recent dividend growth)
A stock's yield can stay high without much effort if its share price doesn't budge, so let's take a look at the growth in payouts over the past five years.

DD Dividend Chart

DD Dividend data by YCharts.

Winner: DuPont, 3-1.

Round five: flexibility (free cash flow payout ratio)
A company that pays out too much of its free cash flow in dividends could be at risk of a cutback, particularly if business weakens. We want to see sustainable payouts, so lower is better:

DD Cash Dividend Payout Ratio (TTM) Chart

DD Cash Dividend Payout Ratio (TTM) data by YCharts.

Winner: Dow Chemical, 2-3.

Bonus round: opportunities and threats
DuPont may have won the best-of-five on the basis of its history, but investors should never base their decisions on past performance alone. Tomorrow might bring a far different business environment, so it's important to also examine each company's potential, whether it happens to be nearly boundless or constrained too tightly for growth.

DuPont opportunities:

Dow Chemical opportunities:

DuPont threats:

Dow Chemical threats:

One dividend to rule them all
In this writer's humble opinion, it seems that Dow Chemical has a better shot at long-term outperformance, thanks to its dominant position in the U.S. chemicals market, which has been depressed in recent years and which could enjoy a rebound in prices and demand. International markets also present major opportunities, should many beleaguered nations shift to higher growth. DuPont, on the other hand, has been going through extensive restructuring, which has included acquisitions, spinoffs, and divestitures, to concentrate on high-margin businesses. DuPont is also likely to be hurt by any backlash over GM crops, as it's one of the world's largest seed companies. You might disagree, and if so, you're encouraged to share your viewpoint in the comments below. No dividend is completely perfect, but some are bound to produce better results than others. Keep your eyes open -- you never know where you might find the next great dividend stock!

Looking for more great dividend stocks?
Dividend stocks can make you rich. It's as simple as that. While they don't garner the notoriety of high-flying growth stocks, they're also less likely to crash and burn. And over the long term, the compounding effect of the quarterly payouts, as well as their growth, adds up faster than most investors imagine. With this in mind, our analysts sat down to identify the absolute best of the best when it comes to rock-solid dividend stocks, drawing up a list in this free report of nine that fit the bill. To discover the identities of these companies before the rest of the market catches on, you can download this valuable free report by simply clicking here now.

Read/Post Comments (3) | Recommend This Article (6)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On December 18, 2013, at 12:09 PM, funfundvierzig wrote:

    By revenue, the much shrunken and shrinking DuPont had fallen from #1 in the world amongst chemical enterprises in the last century to a lowly #10 by 2008. Ironically within 18 months, DuPont Management will have dumped its chemicals unit, and can hardly be termed a "chemical manufacturer".

    Spin-off (apparently no buyers are willing to take on the legacy of litigation claims, environmental risks, run-down, severely cost-slashed plants and facilities, and massive pension underfunding) will encompass not only TIO2 where DuPont is the world's largest and most advanced producer, but Teflon, acids, and refrigerants as well.


  • Report this Comment On December 19, 2013, at 7:10 AM, funfundvierzig wrote:

    For the full year 2012, DuPont's chemicals unit supplied DuPont 20% of its revenues and 29% of its earnings. Absent the cash flow from chemicals, DuPont may not be able to continue its rich quarterly dividend of 45 cents. ...funfun..

  • Report this Comment On December 19, 2013, at 6:35 PM, Alfarha wrote:

    Your statement on Dow's quarterly dividend was incorrect.

    Dow has paid a quarterly dividend uninterrupted for approximately 100 years. Until the dividend was cut for the first time 5 years ago, Dow was the only large cap company to pay without ever cutting the dividend for about 95 years.

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