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Let the IRS Pay for Day Care

In an ideal world, many families would prefer to have only one parent work, leaving the other to care for young children. But it's increasingly tough to raise a family on a single salary, so many families send both parents out to work -- creating the additional trouble of finding good day care. Aside from a few major exceptions, including Target (NYSE: TGT  ) and Freddie Mac (NYSE: FRE  ) , most companies don't provide day care on-site. And the financial benefits of a second paycheck can be eroded by the cost of day care.

If you choose to work and send your kids to day care, you may be able to get the IRS to cover some of the cost. Depending on what tax bracket you're in, and how much you pay for child care, you can save hundreds or even thousands of dollars on your taxes.

Child care and flex accounts
Many employers offer employees the ability to set aside money in a flexible spending account. While most people are familiar with flex accounts used for medical expenses, employers can also offer flexible spending accounts to cover child-care expenses. The advantage of using a child-care flex account is that you can make contributions to your account with pre-tax money, thereby avoiding having to pay income and payroll withholding taxes on the amount you contribute. When you withdraw money from your flex account to pay for your child-care expenses, you don't have to include it in your income. In essence, this converts what you pay for child care into a deduction. You can contribute as much as $5,000 each year to a child-care flex account.

The amount that a child-care flex account can save you depends on your tax bracket and your contributions. If you're in the 25% tax bracket and contribute the maximum amount of $5,000, you'll save $1,250 in income tax, plus an additional $382.50 on your payroll tax liability, for a combined savings of $1,632.50. In short, if you spend the maximum on child care each year, the IRS will cover about a third of the cost. Lower-income families, however, get less value from a flex account. If you're in the 10% tax bracket and pay $2,000 per year on child care, your total savings will only be about $350.

As with medical flex accounts, you have to be careful about how much you decide to contribute. You will lose any money that you contribute but don't use for child-care expenses by the end of each year. Therefore, you'll want to be certain about what you're going to pay for child care before you elect to set aside a certain amount into your flex account.

The child care credit
The tax laws also offer a credit to people with child-care expenses. The child-care credit allows you to reduce your taxes by a certain amount for every dollar you spend on child care, up to $3,000 for a single child or up to $6,000 for two or more children. The amount of the credit varies from 20% to 35% of what you pay for child care, depending on your gross income. Families with gross income of $43,000 or more get a 20% credit, while families earning $15,000 or less get the full 35% credit.

The amount that the child care credit can save you depends on what level of credit you qualify for, and how much you pay for child care. Using the examples above, a family of four in the 25% tax bracket paying $5,000 for child care would likely qualify for a credit of 20%, with a savings of $1,000. A family in the 10% bracket that makes $25,000 per year and spends $2,000 on child care would qualify for a 30% credit and save $600 in taxes.

You have to choose
Unfortunately, the IRS doesn't allow you to use the same child care expenses to both take advantage of a flex account and claim the child care credit. Therefore, the best thing to do is to run the numbers both ways and see which method saves you the most money. While every taxpayer's situation is different, one general rule is that the flex account deduction tends to create more savings for higher-income taxpayers, while the credit offers greater benefits to lower-income taxpayers. Obviously, if your employer doesn't offer a flexible spending account for child care, using the credit is better than nothing.

As a parent, it would be nice to find coverage for all of your child care expenses. Still, these tax incentives' savings can repay a significant fraction of day care costs. When you file your taxes, make sure you claim the tax benefits to which you're entitled, and use the method that puts the most money back in your pocket.

Related articles:

For more about ways you can save on your taxes, take a look at the Fool's Tax Center. If you'd like even more tips on saving money, the Fool's personal finance service, Motley Fool Green Light, can show you the way. Try it out free for 30 days.

Fool contributor Dan Caplinger paid his first babysitter last month. He doesn't own shares of the companies mentioned in this article. The Fool's disclosure policy takes care of you.


Read/Post Comments (4) | Recommend This Article (18)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On October 28, 2008, at 9:17 AM, divesturner wrote:

    This article is a clear summary of the code described in IRS publication 503. I find the tax treatment for day care expenses to be entirely inconsistent with the spirit of the tax code. One is not allowed to deduct the full cost of full-time day care even though this is a true buisiness expense. No family with two working parents can make their full contribution to the economy without daycare, and Daycare in most locals is far in excess of the $5,000 / year cap on Flexible spending accounts. I believe that the full cost of day care should be deductible as long as there is no public school aternative. When a child is 5 years old, and public school begins then private school should not be fully deductible. When the only alternative for working parents is private day care (under age 5), the lack of a tax deduction is a pentalty against families. Is day care not a buisiness expense?

  • Report this Comment On April 03, 2009, at 11:08 AM, stefteach wrote:

    Can a family qualify for this deduction if the second spouse is attending school rather than working?

  • Report this Comment On November 30, 2011, at 1:00 PM, ssb0401 wrote:

    If your daycare expenses exceed the $5000 cap for the flex spending account, would you be able to claim the overage toward the credit?

    For example, if annual daycare expenses are $6200, could you claim $1200 toward the credit (at the 20% rate, the credit being an additional $240)?

  • Report this Comment On November 07, 2013, at 12:46 PM, abednadier wrote:

    This is awesome! I have been thinking of enrolling my little girl in preschool in Cape Coral, IL (http://allsuperstarspreschool.com/our-curriculum/) but I wasn't sure if I could afford it or not. It would be amazing if a policy like this could help me out.

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Dan Caplinger
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Dan Caplinger has been a contract writer for the Motley Fool since 2006. As the Fool's Director of Investment Planning, Dan oversees much of the personal-finance and investment-planning content published daily on Fool.com. With a background as an estate-planning attorney and independent financial consultant, Dan's articles are based on more than 20 years of experience from all angles of the financial world.

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