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As you get older, it seems that no one wants you to have any fun. You have to be more careful about your health. When you exercise, you're supposed to make sure your heart rate doesn't get too high. Some folks even want to take away your driver's license once you get to a certain age.

With investing, seniors face the same challenge. After a lifetime of investing experience, and after you've become familiar with dozens of companies that have served you well, you may well hear financial planners telling you that you should bid farewell to those trusty stocks -- even blue chips like Procter & Gamble (NYSE: PG  ) . They argue that the risk of holding those stocks is too great now that you're older.

One size fits all?
Sure, there's something to that logic -- as the ongoing bear market has made perfectly clear. After all, when you're young, you have decades before you'll need the money you set aside for retirement. With all of that time ahead of you, you can afford to take some big risks.

Even if your investments do badly at first, you can wait for them to turn back up again. Your timeline and risk profile would accommodate volatile stocks such as Baidu (Nasdaq: BIDU  ) , (Nasdaq: CTRP  ) , and lululemon athletica (Nasdaq: LULU  ) . Although each has a beta greater than 2, analysts are expecting all three to grow at 25% or more per year for the next five years -- though you should be careful about relying too much on analysts' projections.

Conversely, as you approach or enter retirement, you no longer have the luxury of weathering long downturns in stocks. You need that money now for your living expenses. If you were unlucky enough to get hit by the next recent downturn, you may have to sell at very low prices just to pay your bills.

The concept that you should reduce your allocation to stocks as you age is so engrained in common wisdom that certain mutual funds do it automatically. So-called target retirement funds, which we've discussed in the past in our Motley Fool Rule Your Retirement newsletter, are designed to change their investment strategy gradually over time, to accommodate your changing risk tolerance. Yet even though these funds make investing very simple, they may not be able to handle all of your specific needs.

Competing risks
There's one big problem with reducing stock exposure as you get older: Although falling stock prices may seem like the biggest danger -- especially now -- people face other risks as they move toward retirement.

Even if your portfolio is adequate to cover your costs when you're just about to retire, the threat of inflation is ever-present. With a $1 million portfolio invested entirely in ultra-safe Treasury bills, you won't even earn $10,000 to cover expenses each year, thanks to rock-bottom interest rates. Moreover, the value of your principal will stay locked at that $1 million mark, and it won't be long before rising costs eat away at its purchasing power.

Stocks, on the other hand, offer not only prices that rise over time, but also rising dividends. Companies such as PepsiCo (NYSE: PEP  ) , Dover (NYSE: DOV  ) , and Kimberly-Clark (NYSE: KMB  ) have a long history of increasing their dividends regularly, providing extra income that can help seniors keep up with inflation -- even when the stocks themselves have suffered temporary drops.

On the other hand, if you've saved up a substantial nest egg for your retirement, you may be able to tolerate the risk of market downturns. For instance, a typical plan for a retiree might have you sell some of your stocks every year to supplement your retirement income.

However, you can hedge the risk of a market drop by keeping enough money in safer securities to give your stocks a chance to recover. Even though this strategy involves keeping several years of expenses in bonds, CDs, or cash, it still gives you the ability to keep a substantial fraction of your portfolio in assets that will provide a better return.

As an example, if you had retired in 2007 following this strategy, you could have avoided having to sell stocks at the market's lows, waiting until the market recovered to sell and replenish your cash reserves.

Rules of thumb are helpful for beginning investors. To get the best results, however, you have to know when to break those rules. By weighing the risks of different investment strategies, you can pick the one that will work best for you. And you won't have to give up the fun of stock investing, no matter how old you get.

Dividend stocks are the smart place to be right now. Find out why Todd Wenning is doubling down on dividends right now, along with the stocks he recommends.

This article was originally published on April 5, 2007. It has been updated by Dan Caplinger, who doesn't own shares of the companies discussed in this article. Baidu is a Motley Fool Rule Breakers selection. Kimberly-Clark, PepsiCo, and Procter & Gamble are Motley Fool Income Investor recommendations. International is a Motley Fool Hidden Gems pick. The Fool owns shares of Procter & Gamble. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. The Fool's disclosure policy is appropriate at any age.

Read/Post Comments (2) | Recommend This Article (15)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On November 11, 2009, at 9:20 PM, ds10 wrote:

    I sometimes think the Fool writers live in closed boxes. There's no problem with owning stock in retirement and it's fun to keep in the game, to keep the gray cells active as Insp. Poiroit would say.

    There's a comfortable way of riding out the financial storms of the market.

    And it's a better alternative than keeping several years of expenses in "bonds, CDs, or cash" as the author of this article suggests. Rarely is this investment considered by the MF. And when it is mentioned, it is often maligned----quite unfairly.

    An excellent solution to security in retirement (admitting no solution is entirely without some risk) lies in annuities. Specifically, lifetime annuities. And not just one annuity (there's always this inconvenient clause in small letters, "subject to the claims paying ability of the company") but in several, or more, of these vehicles spread over large and reputable companies.

  • Report this Comment On November 11, 2009, at 11:44 PM, CMFStan8331 wrote:

    I believe dividend paying stocks are almost always a better investment than long bonds. Bonds do not insulate you from market risk, and they also carry another risk that people often fail to take into account - rising interest rates. A 4% bond will start to look really unattractive if interest rates spike up to 8% or more (and that certainly is a possibility in the coming years). Stocks don't automatically drop with rising interest rates, and you also have the critical factor of dividend growth that can provide returns far beyond what any bond can pay.

    I'm not that close to retirement yet, but my approach will be to continue to own (mostly) dividend-paying equities and maintain enough in cash and short-term investments to be able to take advantage and buy on sale if the market has a major drop. Of course some retirement investments do have minimum withdrawals, but even in those cases it will be possible to take profits and use that money to buy shares of other companies with greater potential to appreciate.

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