Obesity ... the final frontier. These are the voyages of the drug companies. Their mission: to help patients shed the pounds, to boldly go where no company has successfully gone before.
Unfortunately, two more drugs got assimilated by the Borg on Wednesday.
Sanofi-Aventis (NYSE: SNY ) is stopping research on Acomplia, its diet drug that was sold in Europe until it was pulled from the market two weeks ago as officials became increasingly worried about side effects -- depression, anxiety, and stress disorders. The drug never made it past the Food and Drug Administration for the same reasons.
Farther back in the drug development process, Pfizer (NYSE: PFE ) could see the writing on the walls of the FDA and scrapped its CP-945,598, which was designed to target the same cannabinoid receptors in the brain -- the ones that give the "munchies" to smokers of marijuana.
The two companies join Merck (NYSE: MRK ) , which ended development of its cannabinoid receptor inhibitor, taranabant, after a lackluster phase 3 trial earlier this month. The drug didn't work too well at the low dose, and the high dose caused the same sort of side effects seen in Acomplia.
You'd think the news that three large pharmaceutical companies were abandoning the market would help smaller companies developing anti-obesity drugs like Arena's (Nasdaq: ARNA ) Lorcaserin and VIVUS' (Nasdaq: VVUS ) Qnexa that don't have the same mechanism of action, but anti-obesity drugs are the final frontier for a reason. It's a major potential market, but there's also a lot of risk in developing drugs. For whatever reasons, drugs that do make it past the FDA -- like Abbott Laboratories' (NYSE: ABT ) prescription drug called Meridia or GlaxoSmithKline (NYSE: GSK ) over-the-counter drug alli -- either don't work all that well or have unpleasant side effects … or sometimes both.
The anti-obesity market may be a potential supernova for a drugmaker's revenue, but for now, it remains a black hole sucking up drugs and making pipelines thinner.