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Build a High-Yield Portfolio

Buy 10 to 15 high-yielding large-cap stocks today and hold them -- forever.

Yes, you read that right
That's the basic philosophy of the High-Yield Portfolio (HYP) strategy put forth by our friends at Motley Fool U.K. back in 2000.

At first glance, the whole idea sounds a bit crazy. I mean, buying stocks with the intention of never selling them comes off as, well, perhaps a bit naive.

After a closer look, though, the HYP strategy offers some distinct advantages.

But first, let's take that closer look
So, how does the HYP strategy choose its 10 to 15 stocks? It chooses only:

  • Large-cap stocks …
  • … with a history of increasing dividends …
  • … and relatively low debt levels …
  • … as well as sufficient dividend coverage …
  • … that hail from diverse industries.

The original U.K. HYP, for example, picked 15 stocks from the FTSE 100 index, including Rio Tinto and Scottish & Newcastle.

The only permissible reasons to sell or remove a stock from the HYP portfolio are (1) the dividend is halted or cut, or (2) the company is acquired.

All about growth
Like other dividend-focused investing, the HYP strategy relies on the power of dividends to strengthen overall returns. Dividends, after all, have made up more than a third of the S&P 500's return since 1926.

But what sets the HYP strategy apart is its focus on growing dividends. By buying companies with a history of raising their dividend payouts, you're betting that they'll continue to raise those payouts -- providing you with an ever-increasing income stream.

The point of the HYP isn't capital appreciation, although that's usually an added bonus. The HYP is all about those growing dividends, aiming to provide an annual income that exceeds that of the current 10-year Treasury note (currently yielding 2.7%).

Best of all, that income is flexible. Investors far from retirement can reinvest the dividends to increase their holdings, thus multiplying their payouts. Investors close to or in retirement can use the payouts as income that supports their standard of living. But because the income grows, it has the potential to beat inflation. And when you add that to the capital appreciation, you can end up sitting on a pretty penny.

OK, but do you really mean "never sell"?
Now, this idea of intentionally not selling seems counterintuitive. At some point, perhaps when the stock has reached our price target, doesn't it make sense to sell and take the capital gain?

According to the HYP's original author, Stephen Bland, the strategy demands a different perspective:

High yield portfolio (HYP) shares are not bought with the intention of selling. Quite the reverse. They are bought to hold for income and continue to be held until such time as it might very occasionally suit the investor to sell, perhaps never. Selling is not the reason for buying, unlike value trading, where selling is the only reason for buying.

It takes some getting used to, but this passive approach prevents you from overtrading and making poor valuation decisions -- while simultaneously providing you with a growing income. Best of all? You don't have to worry about daily market fluctuations.

Between November 2000, when the original HYP was started near the height of the U.K. market, and November 2008, it returned 7% capital appreciation without dividend reinvestment (while the FTSE 100 lost 34%), and included a 7% annual dividend yield to boot. What's more, the dividends grew 51% in just eight years.

Now for the U.S. version
So, what would a current U.S. version of the HYP portfolio look like? To compile the list below, I followed the HYP methodology and selected a diverse group of S&P 500 stocks that are:

  • Capitalized at more than $10 billion, and have …
  • … enough free cash flow to cover the payments …
  • … with a strong history of increasing dividends and …
  • … an above-market dividend yield …
  • … as well as sufficient ability to service current debt.

Here are a few of those stocks:


Dividend Yield (TTM)

3M (NYSE: MMM  )


Eli Lilly (NYSE: LLY  )


Caterpillar (NYSE: CAT  )


United Parcel Service (NYSE: UPS  )


Northrop Grumman (NYSE: NOC  )


Reynolds American (NYSE: RAI  )


General Mills (NYSE: GIS  )


Average Yield


Source: Yahoo! Finance as of March 24, 2009.

A diversified portfolio of high-yielding stocks can create a pretty well-protected annual income stream. For example, with a $10,000 investment in an HYP with an average yield of 5.5% -- very achievable in this market -- an investor could expect around $550 a year in dividends -- for now. But because each of the stocks in an HYP has a history of increasing its payouts every year or so, that dividend figure should continue to grow (ideally at 5% annualized, or more), providing the HYP investor with ever-expanding income to reinvest or live on.

Foolish final thought
The High-Yield Portfolio strategy isn't the Dogs of the Dow, nor is it a magical formula or technical trading tool. It's simply buying strong companies with proven dividend track records and holding them for the long run -- then remaining patient enough to give the dividends time to do their job.

If you're interested in constructing an HYP of your own -- or if you'd simply like to learn more about dividend-paying stocks -- consider a free 30-day trial of our Motley Fool Income Investor service. We recommend two new picks every month, as well as our best bets for new money now. A free trial lets you see all of our current recommendations, which are beating the S&P 500 by about five percentage points with an average yield of more than 7%. Click here to get started -- there's no obligation to subscribe.

This article was originally published Aug. 19, 2008. It has been updated.

Todd Wenning tracks two high-yield portfolios on Motley Fool CAPS. He does not own shares of any company mentioned. UPS is a Motley Fool Income Investor pick. 3M is an Inside Value pick. The Fool's disclosure policy is a long-term buy and hold.

Read/Post Comments (5) | Recommend This Article (34)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On February 02, 2010, at 4:36 PM, prginww wrote:

    about time to update this article for current valuations. :)

  • Report this Comment On February 02, 2010, at 4:43 PM, prginww wrote:

    Could you maybe update the yield data? CAT isn't anywhere near 6% now.

  • Report this Comment On September 05, 2011, at 2:32 PM, prginww wrote:

    This was a pretty good article when it was written, at the bottom of the 2008-2009 Great Recession, but buying and holding anything from the Dividend Champions or Dividend Aristocrats lists at that time would have been buying at/near the bottom. That was a great time to buy stocks to hold because the market wil seldom see those prices again. Therefore, the holders of stocks bought then will almost aways own them below market price and yielding excellent dividends, especially as those dividends see increases.

    What I find interesting is that I was referred to this article from another site that "mentioned" sector diversification. That is the one topic NOT discussed in your article. You do make a passing comment that you " followed the HYP methodology and selected a diverse group...". Even the well-followed Jim Cramer does a better job of stressing diversification ("Am I Diversified"). He gives hands-on help to make his followers understand what diversification is about.

    You did a nice job of capsulizing your criteria for a HYP portfolio, but you should have included what you meant by "a diverse group of S&P 500 stocks". Someone reading and following the article today, 2011, might miss their goal because of buying at the top of the market and mis-interpreting Diversification.

    I'm certainly no genious about investing, but it seems to me that a safer long-term portfolio might include aspects of Value Investing AND the HYP approach. Consider buying on dips, and I don't mean the bottom of a daily fluctuation. I mean those occasions like when US politicians fail to do their jobs leaving the investing world filled with doubt about the safety of anything U.S. When the market takes that kind of terrible dip, those are the times to decide whether you think the country can survive its incompetent politicians and grow. If you think it can, then buy that group of good dividend paying, unrelated S&P 500 stocks and hold them.

    Do a search to identify stock market sectors, then a search for the companies in 10-15 different sectors, and pick your choice of S&P 500, dividend paying stocks in those different sectors. Generally speaking, the safer the company, the lower the dividend, so choose your level of risk comfort and choose stocks with dividend yields of 2% - 7%. I told you I'm no stock buying genious! In April,2009, I chose a riskier 5% dividend on a spin-off company named Kraft. :>)

    Buying Kraft near the bottom of the Great Recession gave me an excellent price and huge dividend that will only get better with any future increases. That is why I think the dip-buying aspect is so important, too.

    Now we just need that good course in Diversification, picking a group of stocks that perform differently from one another within a given set of market conditions. Hopefully, this would minmize the effects of market fluctuations on our portfolio while allowing us to experience some of the overall market's growth. Yes, yes and be able to annually pull out 4% of our portfolio in retirement without depleting our investment dollars. All I want is EVERYTHING! :>)

  • Report this Comment On August 30, 2014, at 1:09 AM, prginww wrote:

    I swear I hate auto spellcheck.

    That article is by Todd WENNING...

    Hope it posts correctly this time...

  • Report this Comment On August 30, 2014, at 1:16 AM, prginww wrote:

    Oops. Pasted the wrong comment up there.

    If you need to diversify to maintain your comfort level, diversify away!

    However, I'm perfectly comfortable with very little diversification when we're talking about market-leading large caps with durable competitive advantages that have low to moderate payout ratios and superior debt coverage in spite of having raised their dividends for multiple decades in some cases.

    You can dilute your return all you want!

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