The Basics of Preferred Stocks

Worldwide Invest Better Day 9/25/2012

The Motley Fool has helped ordinary people become better investors for nearly two decades. This month, we're reaching out to millions of investors to help guide them in their quest toward financial knowledge and independence.

Along those lines, I'm planning to take a look at some different types of investments that many people aren't as familiar with, as well as the popular exchange-traded funds that allow you to make those investments. Today, I'd like to focus on preferred stocks in general and on the iShares Preferred Stock ETF (NYSE: PFF  ) in particular.

Why buy preferred stock?
Novice investors often think preferred stock simply refers to shares of high-quality companies. But in actuality, preferred stock is a much different type of investment than regular common stock.

Preferred stock combines elements of both stocks and bonds. Preferred stock pays dividends that are usually higher than what common shareholders receive, and if a company goes under, they get paid before common shareholders get anything. But because their dividends are usually fixed, preferred stock doesn't have the growth potential that common shares offer.

You can buy individual preferred stocks on regular stock exchanges. But the benefit of the iShares ETF is that it aggregates more than 250 different preferred stocks into a single portfolio. That's part of the reason why the ETF has become so popular, with more than $10 billion in assets under management.

One concern about the ETF has to do with its concentration in financials. Wells Fargo (NYSE: WFC  ) , Bank of America (NYSE: BAC  ) , and Citigroup (NYSE: C  ) are just a few of the big financial firms you'll find regularly using preferred stock to get capital, and within the ETF, you'll find substantial exposure to banks, insurance companies, and other financials. Only a few issuers, such as Ford (NYSE: F  ) , hail from outside the financial industry, and even in Ford's case, its extensive financing operation looks a lot like the lending portfolios you'll see at many major banks.

iShares Preferred Stock also comes with substantial costs. You'll pay annual expenses of around $48 for every $10,000 you invest, which isn't dirt cheap, although it's less than what most active mutual funds charge. But the income you'll get is substantial, with a $10,000 portfolio generating more than $550 in annual dividends.

Learn more
Preferred stock can be useful, and iShares Preferred Stock opens the door to an asset class that many investors never consider. To learn more about iShares Preferred Stock, use this link to the ETF's main information page and be sure to follow the Fool's coverage on the ETF using our My Watchlist feature.

Please stay tuned throughout the month for other informative articles covering a wide range of important topics. Let me also encourage you to take a look at the special website we've set up at InvestBetterDay.com. On Sept. 25, we're taking a day to celebrate the art of investing, and we encourage your participation. Take a look at the site now and get on the path to personal prosperity.

Financial stocks have a lot of promise. Read the Fool's premium report on Bank of America to learn more about the risks and prospects facing the big bank.

Fool contributor Dan Caplinger isn't sure he prefers preferreds. He doesn't own shares of iShares Preferred, but he does own warrants on Wells Fargo. The Motley Fool owns shares of Ford, Wells Fargo, Bank of America, and Citigroup. Motley Fool newsletter services have recommended buying shares of Wells Fargo and Ford, as well as creating a synthetic long position in Ford Motor. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Fool's disclosure policy gives you a big preference.


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  • Report this Comment On September 12, 2012, at 3:23 PM, mdk0611 wrote:

    Another thing to look at closely with respect to preferreds is a call date and price. With the high rates of returns offered, many preferreds are trading well above the call price. If called, that can mean an unexpected loss to the holder of either the stock or ETF.

    BTW - There are a few utility preferreds out there.

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