Is It Time to Buy Financial Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLF)?

Banks are making excellent profits. Is now the time to get into the sector?

Aug 14, 2014 at 6:45PM

The best way to invest without the guesswork of picking individual stocks is through exchange-traded funds (ETFs). If you'd like to invest in the broad financial sector, the largest and most popular option is the Financial Select Sector SPDR Fund (NYSEMKT:XLF).

Now that earnings season is wrapping up and most banks have posted solid results, perhaps now is the time to buy, as valuations are still low and the lingering effects of the financial crisis are still being sorted out.

A little about the fund

The Financial Select Sector SPDR has about $17.3 billion in assets and aims to achieve results that reflect the performance of the Financial Select Sector Index, which includes bank stocks as well as REITs, insurance companies, and other financial institutions.

Top holdings of the fund include Berkshire Hathaway (8.7% of assets), Wells Fargo (8.6%), JPMorgan Chase (7.7%), Bank of America (5.8%), and Citigroup (5.3%). No other companies make up more than 3% of the funds' holdings.

One of the most attractive aspects of the fund is its extremely low expense ratio of just 0.16%. There are almost 40 other financials ETFs to choose from, but they don't match the cost and performance of the SPDR fund. The next-largest ETFs that track the overall financial sector are the Vanguard Financials Index Fund (NYSEMKT:VFH) and the iShares U.S. Financials ETF (NYSEMKT:IYF), which both have higher expense ratios of 0.19% and 0.46%, respectively, and have failed to match the returns of the SPDR fund.

Banks are raking in the cash...

During the most recent quarter, the banking industry produced $40.2 billion in net income, marking the second-most profitable quarter for the industry in history.

Deposits are up across the board, consumer lending is extremely strong, and investment banking is doing well thanks to high merger and acquisition and IPO activity. And banks are beginning to run more efficiently by embracing mobile and online technologies in order to reduce their physical footprints and cut expenses.

...but they're still cheap

Many financial institutions are still very cheap on a historical basis. One of the best measurements of a bank's valuation is its stock price relative to its tangible book value, which is the sum of all of the company's tangible assets.

As you can see in the chart below, all of the "big four" banks are trading at historically low price-to-tangible-book levels, and one of them (Citigroup) is actually trading at a discount to its tangible assets. Even rock-solid Wells Fargo is trading for about half of its historical average valuation.

WFC Price to Tangible Book Value Chart

Improvement since the crisis

Despite the depressed valuations, the banks have improved a great deal. While companies like Wells Fargo and Berkshire Hathaway were always pretty strong, this wasn't the case for much of the rest of the sector.

For example, Citigroup has done a great job of winding down its Citi Holdings "legacy" assets that are left over from the financial crisis. And while the $111 billion in assets still on the balance sheet remains high (and is one of the main reasons the stock's valuation is so low), the company will keep shedding the assets until that figure makes up a negligible part of the balance sheet.

Citi Holdings Assets 2011-2014 | Create Infographics.

And banks are much better capitalized than they have been, and they keep improving. The Basel III Tier 1 Common Ratio has improved among all of the big banks in recent years. Regulators use this ratio to determine a bank's health, and a ratio of 6% or higher earns the highest classification of "well-capitalized."

Basel III Tier 1 Common Ratio | Create Infographics

What should you do?

Due to the lingering effects of the financial crisis, banks (which make up most of the Financial Select Sector Index) are still cheap, but they won't be forever.

At some point, the mortgage-related lawsuits will be over and done with, the toxic assets will be worked off the balance sheets, and the banks will command a loftier valuation for the profits they earn. And while you'll be able to capture the upside as the "cheap" companies like Citigroup and Bank of America excel, you'll also have the safety of companies like Wells Fargo and Berkshire Hathaway, which should produce great returns in the meantime.

It looks like a great time to get into this still-rebounding sector, which won't be on sale forever.

Banking + Apple? This device makes it possible.
Apple recently recruited a secret-development "dream team" to guarantee its newest smart device was kept hidden from the public for as long as possible. But the secret is out, and some early viewers are claiming its destined to change everything from banking to health care. In fact, ABI Research predicts 485 million of this type of device will be sold per year. But one small company makes Apple's gadget possible. And its stock price has nearly unlimited room to run for early in-the-know investors. To be one of them, and see Apple's newest smart gizmo, just click here

Matthew Frankel has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

Money to your ears - A great FREE investing resource for you

The best way to get your regular dose of market and money insights is our suite of free podcasts ... what we like to think of as “binge-worthy finance.”

Feb 1, 2016 at 5:03PM

Whether we're in the midst of earnings season or riding out the market's lulls, you want to know the best strategies for your money.

And you'll want to go beyond the hype of screaming TV personalities, fear-mongering ads, and "analysis" from people who might have your email address ... but no track record of success.

In short, you want a voice of reason you can count on.

A 2015 Business Insider article titled, "11 websites to bookmark if you want to get rich," rated The Motley Fool as the #1 place online to get smarter about investing.

And one of the easiest, most enjoyable, most valuable ways to get your regular dose of market and money insights is our suite of free podcasts ... what we like to think of as "binge-worthy finance."

Whether you make it part of your daily commute or you save up and listen to a handful of episodes for your 50-mile bike rides or long soaks in a bubble bath (or both!), the podcasts make sense of your money.

And unlike so many who want to make the subjects of personal finance and investing complicated and scary, our podcasts are clear, insightful, and (yes, it's true) fun.

Our free suite of podcasts

Motley Fool Money features a team of our analysts discussing the week's top business and investing stories, interviews, and an inside look at the stocks on our radar. The show is also heard weekly on dozens of radio stations across the country.

The hosts of Motley Fool Answers challenge the conventional wisdom on life's biggest financial issues to reveal what you really need to know to make smart money moves.

David Gardner, co-founder of The Motley Fool, is among the most respected and trusted sources on investing. And he's the host of Rule Breaker Investing, in which he shares his insights into today's most innovative and disruptive companies ... and how to profit from them.

Market Foolery is our daily look at stocks in the news, as well as the top business and investing stories.

And Industry Focus offers a deeper dive into a specific industry and the stories making headlines. Healthcare, technology, energy, consumer goods, and other industries take turns in the spotlight.

They're all informative, entertaining, and eminently listenable. Rule Breaker Investing and Answers are timeless, so it's worth going back to and listening from the very start; the other three are focused more on today's events, so listen to the most recent first.

All are available for free at

If you're looking for a friendly voice ... with great advice on how to make the most of your money ... from a business with a lengthy track record of success ... in clear, compelling language ... I encourage you to give a listen to our free podcasts.

Head to, give them a spin, and you can subscribe there (at iTunes, Stitcher, or our other partners) if you want to receive them regularly.

It's money to your ears.


Compare Brokers