Track the companies that matter to you. It's FREE! Click one of these fan favorites to get started: Apple; Google; Ford.



Market Cap Explained

Market capitalization, or "market cap" to the savvy, is a quick way of placing an approximate price tag on a company. Just multiply the stock price by the number of shares outstanding. For example, if Excelsior Hair Growth (ticker: SPROUT) has 10 million shares outstanding priced at $50 each, its "market cap" is $500 million.

People often refer to several categories of market capitalization. There are no strict guides as to what defines each one. Estimates vary and change over time, but here's one rough take: If a company's capitalization is $5 billion or higher, call it a large cap; between $1 billion and $5 billion, a mid cap; $250 million to $1 billion, a small cap; and less than $250 million, a micro cap. If small-cap SPROUT were to be acquired by another company, that company would have to cough up $500 million -- or more, since buyouts generally exceed market prices.

You can get a handle on interpreting a company's market cap by comparing it with other firms.

For example, here are some companies' market caps as of one day in April 2004:

Company Market Cap
GE $379 billion
Microsoft $271 billion
Wal-Mart $205 billion
Coca-Cola $101 billion
PepsiCo $89 billion
Home Depot $81 billion
Time Warner $81 billion
Walt Disney $58 billion
Boeing $49 billion
Yahoo! $48 billion
eBay $47 billion
Target $45 billion
Starbucks $19 billion
Ford $19 billion
General Motors $17 billion $14 billion
Barnes & Noble $2.5 billion

Consider eBay. If you've studied it and understand the range and promise of its business, you might compare its current market value to other companies with which you're familiar, particularly those in similar lines of business. At $47 billion, it's being valued at nearly as much as, Starbucks, and General Motors -- combined. Given what you know and what you think, this might (or might not) make perfect sense. The market cap can't tell you all you need to know, but it can give you an initial sense of how a company is being valued right now.

Similarly, consider Is it worth more than five times the value of Barnes & Noble? (A few years ago, it was priced at more than 10 times that value.) Some investors will think that's outrageous, since doesn't have a long track record of profitability. Others might think it's a fair valuation, given that sells much more than books and doesn't have to support brick-and-mortar stores.

Again, it's very simplistic and superficial to just consider a company's market cap. If this is the only measure you look at when you invest, you're not likely to fare too well. But in proper context and amid many other measures, a company's market cap can offer some useful food for thought.

Learn more about investing in companies in our Investing Basics area. You can also learn all about brokerages and find one that's right for you in our Broker Center.

Read/Post Comments (0) | Recommend This Article (6)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

Be the first one to comment on this article.

Compare Brokers

Fool Disclosure

Sponsored Links

Leaked: Apple's Next Smart Device
(Warning, it may shock you)
The secret is out... experts are predicting 458 million of these types of devices will be sold per year. 1 hyper-growth company stands to rake in maximum profit - and it's NOT Apple. Show me Apple's new smart gizmo!

DocumentId: 491928, ~/Articles/ArticleHandler.aspx, 10/27/2016 7:16:20 AM

Report This Comment

Use this area to report a comment that you believe is in violation of the community guidelines. Our team will review the entry and take any appropriate action.

Sending report...

Today's Market

updated 10 hours ago Sponsored by:
DOW 18,199.33 30.06 0.17%
S&P 500 2,139.43 -3.73 -0.17%
NASD 5,250.27 -33.13 -0.63%

Create My Watchlist

Go to My Watchlist

You don't seem to be following any stocks yet!

Better investing starts with a watchlist. Now you can create a personalized watchlist and get immediate access to the personalized information you need to make successful investing decisions.

Data delayed up to 5 minutes