By their very nature, scrap metal recyclers are adept at extracting value from every last ounce of opportunity. As export demand for both ferrous (think: steel and iron) and non-ferrous (copper, aluminum, etc.) scrap metals continues to gather steam, these consummate scrimpers are deftly shaking pennies out of the scrap heap.
With the noteworthy exception of Schnitzer Steel (Nasdaq: SCHN ) , you wouldn't necessarily know it from the group's collective share performance. Both Sims Metal Management (NYSE: SMS ) and small-cap scrapper Metalico (AMEX: MEA ) ended 2010 essentially flat with where they started the year. Shares of steelmaker Nucor (NYSE: NUE ) , whose margins are squeezed by rising scrap metal prices, shed about 10% during a solid year for stocks overall.
Unfortunately, even Schnitzer Steel's knock-out 177% increase in income from continuing operations for the company's fiscal first quarter of 2011 came in beneath analysts' expectations. Shares tumbled 7% Friday after Schnitzer's income of $0.64 per share missed the consensus by $0.07. However, the company expects price increases for these products to maintain their upward trend, and with the potential for ferrous prices to "increase significantly," scrimping Fools may wish to hunt for value in the scrapyard.
Meanwhile, both Schnitzer Steel and competitor Commercial Metals (NYSE: CMC ) have been hampered by persistently weak demand for the finished steel products they create from their processed scrap. Schnitzer's steel manufacturing reported a small loss for the fiscal first quarter, suffering a 2% decline in sales volumes. The company expects another break-even result for the ongoing second quarter. Commercial Metals offered some insightful context to accompany a $22 million operating loss from its fabrication unit, explaining: "Commercial construction was weak, steel costs have risen, and recently announced steel price increases will drive margins down further in the short run. The Western region of the U.S. remains the most problematic."
The big picture for scrap demand may just be bullish enough to offset weakness in those fabrication segments. As equipment manufacturer Joy Global (Nasdaq: JOYG ) had done before it with respect to the copper market, Schnitzer Steel focused upon China's newly released 5-year development plan as a significant indicator of increasing export demand for scrap metals. As it is, seaborne exports already account for 80% of Schnitzer's ferrous sales volumes.
During the fiscal first quarter, Schnitzer enjoyed a solid 21% operating margin within its auto parts segment, in part because scrap prices rose more quickly than the prices it paid for junked autos. Strong retail demand for parts also played a role, perhaps corroborating my 2009 forecast for a "shift to thrift" in the United States -- offering a boon to auto recyclers like Schnitzer.
Although I am personally underweight the domestic industrial sector at large, I have taken a shining to Schnitzer Steel on the basis of a business model that extracts value at every step in the supply chain. I look forward to hearing your thoughts on the company in the comments section below.