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Everyone would love to find the perfect stock. But will you ever really find a stock that gives you everything you could possibly want?
One thing's for sure: If you don't look, you'll never find truly great investments. So let's first take a look at what you'd want to see from a perfect stock, and then decide if Bristol-Myers Squibb (NYSE: BMY ) fits the bill.
The quest for perfection
When you're looking for great stocks, you have to do your due diligence. It's not enough to rely on a single measure, because a stock that looks great based on one factor may turn out to be horrible in other ways. The best stocks, however, excel in many different areas, which all come together to make up a very attractive picture.
Some of the most basic yet important things to look for in a stock are:
- Growth. Expanding businesses show healthy revenue growth. While past growth is no guarantee that revenue will keep rising, it's certainly a better sign than a stagnant top line.
- Margins. Higher sales don't mean anything if a company can't turn them into profits. Strong margins ensure a company is able to turn revenue into profit.
- Balance sheet. Debt-laden companies have banks and bondholders competing with shareholders for management's attention. Companies with strong balance sheets don't have to worry about the distraction of debt.
- Money-making opportunities. Companies need to be able to turn their resources into profitable business opportunities. Return on equity helps measure how well a company is finding those opportunities.
- Valuation. You can't afford to pay too much for even the best companies. Earnings multiples are simple, but using normalized figures gives you a sense of how valuation fits into a longer-term context.
- Dividends. Investors are demanding tangible proof of profits, and there's nothing more tangible than getting a check every three months. Companies with solid dividends and strong commitments to increasing payouts treat shareholders well.
With those factors in mind, let's take a closer look at Bristol-Myers Squibb.
What We Want to See
Pass or Fail?
|Growth||5-Year Annual Revenue Growth > 15%||0.9%||Fail|
|1-Year Revenue Growth > 12%||3.6%||Fail|
|Margins||Gross Margin > 35%||73.5%||Pass|
|Net Margin > 15%||15.9%||Pass|
|Balance Sheet||Debt to Equity < 50%||42.4%||Pass|
|Current Ratio > 1.3||2.29||Pass|
|Opportunities||Return on Equity > 15%||29.5%||Pass|
|Valuation||Normalized P/E < 20||10.54||Pass|
|Dividends||Current Yield > 2%||5.2%||Pass|
|5-Year Dividend Growth > 10%||2.9%||Fail|
|Total Score||7 out of 10|
Source: Capital IQ, a division of Standard and Poor's. Total score = number of passes.
Bristol-Myers Squibb comes in with an impressive score of 7. How the company handles the future will be crucial in deciding whether its stock will get even closer to perfection.
Bristol-Myers has turned its Plavix blood clot preventer into a gold mine, with nearly $6.7 billion in sales during 2010. But with the drug slated to see generic competition beginning in 2013, the key to the future lies in replacing revenue from Plavix with new drug development.
Bristol-Myers has a number of promising drugs in development, and, unlike some competitors, has partnered with other drug companies on several of them. With apixaban, another blood clot prevention drug, the company is working with Pfizer (NYSE: PFE ) to try to best sanofi-aventis's Lovenox. In diabetes treatment, Bristol-Myers is teaming up with AstraZeneca (NYSE: AZN ) to sell dapagliflozin, which will compete against Merck's (NYSE: MRK ) Januvia if Bristol-Myers can get EU and U.S. approval.
Given its strong pipeline, Bristol-Myers is in a better position than some of its competitors, such as Eli Lilly (NYSE: LLY ) . If it can continue developing drugs and perhaps add some acquisitions to the mix, Bristol-Myers should stay close to perfection for a long while.
No stock is a sure thing, but some stocks are a lot closer to perfect than others. By looking for the perfect stock, you'll go a long way toward improving your investing prowess and learning how to separate out the best investments from the rest.
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