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Value hounds will tell you Facebook's crazy valuation is proof positive of a social media bubble that's doomed to pop. They're wrong. Actually, that doesn't quite capture it. They're not just wrong, they're spectacularly wrong.
Facebook is cheap because it's the most important online display-advertising platform. More important than Yahoo! (Nasdaq: YHOO ) , Google (Nasdaq: GOOG ) , AOL (NYSE: AOL ) , or CBS' (NYSE: CBS ) Interactive Group. But don't take my word for it. According to comScore data, The Social Network accounted for roughly one-third of all online display ad impressions during the first quarter. No one else got close:
Display Ad Impressions*
Share of Impressions
|Microsoft (Nasdaq: MSFT ) sites||53,592||4.8%|
|Viacom (NYSE: VIA-B ) Digital||9,051||0.8%|
Source: comScore. * Numbers in millions.
History makes these numbers even more extraordinary than they might seem. Facebook's 346 billion first-quarter display ad impressions exceeded its entire 2009 count by 16 billion. Meanwhile, that year's market leader -- Yahoo! -- is currently on pace for 450 billion display ad impressions, a 14% decline.
The one rule not even Facebook can break
Skeptics will say, rightly, that seedy affiliates are partly responsible for the ads you see. It's also hard to know how effective Facebook pitches really are. Trouble is, you could say the same about Google. Both companies nevertheless continue to take in billions in revenue. What makes Facebook particularly appealing to advertisers is the audience it attracts -- 500 million strong at last count.
Apply the 80/20 rule -- as in, 20% of the population accounting for 80% of the activity -- and that's 100 million active users accounting for 560 billion minutes of activity, or about four days' worth of time on Facebook every month.
Going by the same math, it stands to reason this same population helped generate $1.6 billion of Facebook's estimated $2 billion in revenue last year. Advertisers paid just $16, or $1.50 monthly, to engage with this highly engaged group. No wonder analysts expect The Social Network to double revenue in 2011. Ad buyers are paying too little for access to an audience that rivals the viewership of the highest-rated U.S. television show of all time. (Care to guess which show? I've got the answer at the end.)
Problem, meet opportunity
Bearish investors will tell you that these numbers, too, are misleading because Facebook ads underperform other forms of display advertising. According to researcher Webtrends, Facebook performed half as well as alternatives and worse last year than in 2009. (The average click-through rate dropped from 0.063% to 0.051%, Webtrends says.)
Yet this is good news for investors. Why? Ad spending on Facebook more than doubled last year. If social ads are proving to be this attractive now, imagine what happens when The Social Network's Groupon alternative and location-based ads begin to really take hold. Prices will go up, margins will increase, and cash will flow.
And that's exactly what analysts are expecting. Bloomberg cites an anonymous source that says Facebook is on track to generate more than $2 billion in EBITDA this year.
Thus, at its latest valuation of $65 billion, Facebook trades for between 30 and 40 times projected EBITDA. Sound big? I suppose it is, but Capital IQ tracks 18 other software and services companies to have traded in the same range over the past year, including cloud computing infrastructure specialist Informatica.
So while I get the hysteria that comes with valuing Facebook higher than Boeing (NYSE: BA ) -- a poke over a plane -- this pre-IPO stock isn't anywhere near as expensive as the arm-wavers would like you to believe. If anything, it's still cheap.
Do you agree? Disagree? Let us know what you think about Facebook's valuation, competitive positioning, and role in transforming social media from a pastime into a long-term investing opportunity using the comments box below.
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The 1983 finale of the hit comedy series M*A*S*H was the most-watched in U.S. television history, reaching more than 105 million households. Facebook probably has just as many diehards engaging with its pages daily.