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Has Alcoa Become the Perfect Stock?

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Every investor would love to stumble upon the perfect stock. But will you ever really find a stock that provides everything you could possibly want?

One thing's for sure: You'll never discover truly great investments unless you actively look for them. Let's discuss the ideal qualities of a perfect stock, then decide if Alcoa (NYSE: AA  ) fits the bill.

The quest for perfection
Stocks that look great based on one factor may prove horrible elsewhere, making due diligence a crucial part of your investing research. The best stocks excel in many different areas, including these important factors:

  • Growth. Expanding businesses show healthy revenue growth. While past growth is no guarantee that revenue will keep rising, it's certainly a better sign than a stagnant top line.
  • Margins. Higher sales mean nothing if a company can't produce profits from them. Strong margins ensure that company can turn revenue into profit.
  • Balance sheet. At debt-laden companies, banks and bondholders compete with shareholders for management's attention. Companies with strong balance sheets don't have to worry about the distraction of debt.
  • Money-making opportunities. Return on equity helps measure how well a company is finding opportunities to turn its resources into profitable business endeavors.
  • Valuation. You can't afford to pay too much for even the best companies. By using normalized figures, you can see how a stock's simple earnings multiple fits into a longer-term context.
  • Dividends. For tangible proof of profits, a check to shareholders every three months can't be beat. Companies with solid dividends and strong commitments to increasing payouts treat shareholders well.

With those factors in mind, let's take a closer look at Alcoa.


What We Want to See


Pass or Fail?


5-year annual revenue growth > 15%




1-year revenue growth > 12%




Gross margin > 35%




Net margin > 15%



Balance sheet

Debt to equity < 50%




Current ratio > 1.3




Return on equity > 15%




Normalized P/E < 20




Current yield > 2%




5-year dividend growth > 10%




Total score


3 out of 10

Source: S&P Capital IQ. Total score = number of passes.

Even with just three points, Alcoa has improved from last year, when it only managed a score of one. A return to profitability and impressive revenue growth in the past year account for the improvement, but the aluminum producer still has a long way to go.

Alcoa has been a member of the Dow Jones Industrials (INDEX: ^DJI) for more than 50 years now. It still represents part of the industrial core of the stock market.

But all is still not right with Alcoa. When it kicked off earnings season a couple weeks ago, the company saw much-improved results from the year-ago quarter but saw sequential declines from earlier this year. More direly, CEO Klaus Kleinfeld said that lower prices would likely lead to slower growth for the rest of the year. Moreover, trends like Boeing's (NYSE: BA  ) use of carbon composite over aluminum could spell further problems for Alcoa down the road.

In addition, the company could find itself embroiled in a budding scandal linked to Goldman Sachs (NYSE: GS  ) and its use of aluminum warehouses to boost realized prices. As fellow Fool Alex Planes noted earlier this year, Alcoa, Century Aluminum (Nasdaq: CENX  ) , and Rio Tinto (NYSE: RIO  ) enjoyed better profits than they would have without the effect warehousing operations had on their bottom lines.

What's most appealing about Alcoa is its relative cheapness. Compared to Aluminum Corporation of China (NYSE: ACH  ) , Alcoa trades at a much lower forward earnings multiple despite having better gross margins. Barring a collapse from overall slowness in the global economy, Alcoa could continue to improve toward perfection well into the future.

Keep searching
No stock is a sure thing, but some stocks are a lot closer to perfect than others. By looking for the perfect stock, you'll go a long way toward improving your investing prowess and learning how to separate out the best investments from the rest.

Click here to add Alcoa to My Watchlist, which can find all of our Foolish analysis on it and all your other stocks.

Finding the perfect stock is only one piece of a successful investment strategy. Get the big picture by taking a look at our "13 Steps to Investing Foolishly."

Fool contributor Dan Caplinger doesn't own shares of the companies mentioned. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Fool has a disclosure policy.

Read/Post Comments (3) | Recommend This Article (3)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On October 25, 2011, at 12:31 PM, garifolle wrote:

    I really appreciate you analysis of AA.

    It opens my eyes.

    But this price manipulation by Goldman Sachs just makes me sick!

    If it is not "illegal", it should!

    All regulations will never be able to counter the creativity of those giants.

    It really really makes me sick!

  • Report this Comment On October 25, 2011, at 3:28 PM, prginww wrote:

    great analysis of aa.I think it's a great company.I will cotinue to own it.I hope more people short the stock so i can buy more. Bikingrjd

  • Report this Comment On October 26, 2011, at 2:05 PM, lchen5 wrote:

    Debt to equity ratio is not correct.

    The earning conference call mentioned is around 33%. CEO mentioned want to maintain between 30-33%.

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Dan Caplinger

Dan Caplinger has been a contract writer for the Motley Fool since 2006. As the Fool's Director of Investment Planning, Dan oversees much of the personal-finance and investment-planning content published daily on With a background as an estate-planning attorney and independent financial consultant, Dan's articles are based on more than 20 years of experience from all angles of the financial world.

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