Germany Clubs Solar With New Feed-In Tariff Rates

For weeks there have been rumblings that Germany was going to cut its solar feed-in tariff, justifiably so after the country saw 3 GW of solar hit the market in December alone. What wasn't known was exactly what those cuts would look like.

Yesterday, the new rates were released, and they will take effect on March 9. They are as follows:

Project Size

Feed-In Tariff Rate

Under 10 kW 0.195 euro/kWhr
10 kW to 1 MW 0.165 euro/kWhr
1 MW to 10 MW 0.135 euro/kWhr
Over 10 MW No feed-in tariff rate

This is a 20% to 30% cut from the previous feed-in tariff rate, in line with rumors, but investors still seemed surprised, as they crushed solar stocks yesterday.

What's interesting to note is how this compares to retail electricity rates. According to Eurostat, Germany paid an average electricity rate of 0.2294 euro per kWhr in 2009. That's higher than the new feed-in tariff rates I've shown above. That means that net metering becomes an economically viable solution for homeowners versus the feed-in tariff.

The question now becomes: How much solar can Germany install without the use of a feed-in tariff?

What this means
What Germany has done is cut the legs out from under the utility-scale and medium-size solar development market. Companies like First Solar (Nasdaq: FSLR  ) have thrived in this market, building large-scale solar plants. Now the market will shift to rooftop solar, which favors higher-efficiency modules.

SunPower leads the efficiency pack, but is focusing more heavily on the U.S. residential and commercial market, along with its project development unit, than Germany. It would be reasonable to think that higher-efficiency Chinese manufacturers like Canadian Solar (Nasdaq: CSIQ  ) and Trina Solar will benefit most from the move to more residential installations, but the scale of residential solar installations in Germany will be important to keep an eye on. Canadian Solar, in particular, gets a majority of sales from Germany, so the market reaction is critical.

How much will this hurt?
The question on investors' minds is: How big will the impact be? In 2011, Germany installed 7.5 GW of solar power and that may be slashed in 2012. China, India, and the U.S. will pick up some of the slack, but manufacturers keep building supply and the worldwide market likely won't keep up without a strong Germany. If anything is going to push lower-tier manufacturers into bankruptcy, this could be it.

I would keep an eye on LDK Solar (NYSE: LDK  ) , JA Solar (Nasdaq: JASO  ) , and ReneSola (NYSE: SOL  ) for further signs of weakness that could push them over the edge. Each posted negative gross margins in the third quarter of 2011, and further weakness in Germany could spell trouble. These are third-tier suppliers who count on other manufacturers for polysilicon and cell demand and need high worldwide demand to sell their own modules.

Foolish bottom line
The news out of Germany yesterday wasn't good for solar stocks, but it may push us closer to consolidation and more failed manufacturers. What the industry could really use right now is lower supply, and that's only going to happen if some companies fail.

I'm not expecting the German market to fall apart, but this will be our first test of how consumers react after grid parity is reached.

The next year will be painful for some companies; that's why I will be sticking with those that have the best modules and strongest balance sheets. That's SunPower in the U.S., which has much of its production tied up in power plant developments, and Trina Solar in China. These two companies should emerge as winners as this solar battle plays out.

Interested in reading more about solar stocks? Use the links below to add them to My Watchlist, which will find all of our Foolish analysis on your favorite stocks.

Fool contributor Travis Hoium owns shares of First Solar and SunPower and manages an account that owns shares of SunPower. You can follow Travis on Twitter at @FlushDrawFool, check out his personal stock holdings or follow his CAPS picks at TMFFlushDraw.

The Motley Fool owns shares of First Solar. Motley Fool newsletter services have recommended buying shares of First Solar. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

Read/Post Comments (2) | Recommend This Article (2)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On February 24, 2012, at 6:33 PM, solardog wrote:

    It's my understanding that:

    SOL creates the 99.99999999 purity silicon required for PV silicon ingots with huge furnaces. They do not count on other manufactures for polisilicon and PV cells as stated above. YGE also has this capability to create the required purity silicon ingots. CSIQ is more diversified than SOL regarding end product solar systems like solar street lights, stop signs, and rooftop packages.

    ReneSola manufactures and sells solar wafers and solar power products which include virgin polysilicons, monocrystalline and multicrystalline solar wafers, and photovoltaic cells and modules.

    SOL was the only solar company to post gains on todays USA market session, up 3%. note: LDK is up after hours on thin volume of 700 shares.

    Good luck! I am long SOL, but cut my exposure when it crossed 3/share. Management owns over 15 million of the 87 million shares, and the short shares are around 5.8 million last I checked. Fidelity starmine rates SOL the highest of all solar stocks.

  • Report this Comment On March 02, 2012, at 1:11 PM, TMFFlushDraw wrote:

    I didn't say SOL counts on other manufacturers for poly and cells. I said:

    "count on other manufacturers for polysilicon and cell demand"


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