Has Xerox Become the Perfect Stock?

Every investor would love to stumble upon the perfect stock. But will you ever really find a stock that provides everything you could possibly want?

One thing's for sure: You'll never discover truly great investments unless you actively look for them. Let's discuss the ideal qualities of a perfect stock, then decide if Xerox (NYSE: XRX  ) fits the bill.

The quest for perfection
Stocks that look great based on one factor may prove horrible elsewhere, making due diligence a crucial part of your investing research. The best stocks excel in many different areas, including these important factors:

  • Growth. Expanding businesses show healthy revenue growth. While past growth is no guarantee that revenue will keep rising, it's certainly a better sign than a stagnant top line.
  • Margins. Higher sales mean nothing if a company can't produce profits from them. Strong margins ensure that company can turn revenue into profit.
  • Balance sheet. At debt-laden companies, banks and bondholders compete with shareholders for management's attention. Companies with strong balance sheets don't have to worry about the distraction of debt.
  • Money-making opportunities. Return on equity helps measure how well a company is finding opportunities to turn its resources into profitable business endeavors.
  • Valuation. You can't afford to pay too much for even the best companies. By using normalized figures, you can see how a stock's simple earnings multiple fits into a longer-term context.
  • Dividends. For tangible proof of profits, a check to shareholders every three months can't be beat. Companies with solid dividends and strong commitments to increasing payouts treat shareholders well.

With those factors in mind, let's take a closer look at Xerox.

Factor

What We Want to See

Actual

Pass or Fail?

Growth 5-Year Annual Revenue Growth > 15% 7.3% Fail
  1-Year Revenue Growth > 12% 4.6% Fail
Margins Gross Margin > 35% 32.8% Fail
  Net Margin > 15% 5.7% Fail
Balance Sheet Debt to Equity < 50% 69.8% Fail
  Current Ratio > 1.3 1.24 Fail
Opportunities Return on Equity > 15% 10.7% Fail
Valuation Normalized P/E < 20 10.49 Pass
Dividends Current Yield > 2% 2.2% Pass
  5-Year Dividend Growth > 10% 0% Fail
       
  Total Score   2 out of 10

Source: S&P Capital IQ. Total score = number of passes.

Since we looked at Xerox last year, the company has lost a point. The company that once dominated the business equipment market now finds itself struggling to defend its turf from competition.

For nearly 50 years, Xerox has been synonymous with plain-paper copying. But more recently, computer printers have started to encroach on the copying segment, and that has opened the door to the strongest of the printer makers to compete directly with Xerox. Hewlett-Packard (NYSE: HPQ  ) continues to lead the printer industry despite some of its internal troubles, while Canon (NYSE: CAJ  ) and Lexmark (NYSE: LXK  ) also pose what I'd argue are lesser competitive threats to Xerox from their printer production. As the formerly discrete segments start to merge together, it will be increasingly important for Xerox to distinguish itself on the printer front as well as with specialized copying equipment.

But the company is trying to branch out by providing IT services. Last month, the company got a contract worth more than $850 million from the Texas Department of Information Services, replacing IBM (NYSE: IBM  ) in the process. Given that printing equipment is easier to make into a commodity product, building its IT services side is a smart move for Xerox to make (despite the fact that there's plenty of competition there, too).

For Xerox to start moving forward, it needs to regain some of the innovative spirit that made it a leader for decades. If it can do so, then the shares are poised to rise in response.

Keep searching
No stock is a sure thing, but some stocks are a lot closer to perfect than others. By looking for the perfect stock, you'll go a long way toward improving your investing prowess and learning how to separate out the best investments from the rest.

Xerox isn't the perfect stock, but we've got some ideas you may like better. Let me invite you to learn about three smart long-term stock plays in the Fool's latest special report. It's yours for the taking and is absolutely free, but don't miss out -- click here and read it today.

Click here to add Xerox to My Watchlist, which can find all of our Foolish analysis on it and all your other stocks.

Fool contributor Dan Caplinger doesn't own shares of the companies mentioned in this article. The Motley Fool owns shares of IBM. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Fool has a disclosure policy.


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Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On April 18, 2012, at 10:54 PM, Printeng wrote:

    As an engineer in Xerox's heavy metal division (production printing) I've been tracking the warring fool vs seeking alpha projections for the last year. The fool doesn't like Xerox, and that's fair enough. But you can't ding us for lack of innovation. I've been working bleeding edge color printing technologies for the last twenty years. You're not going to buy our latest 1000 page per minute, full duplex four color printer. (yes that's a real product) I don't get to take one home either. But you don't ding Boeing for failing to innovate in the two-seater plane market.

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