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The Memo About Mortgage Insurance Stocks You Need to See

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If you haven't already gotten the memo about mortgage insurance companies, then here it is: Avoid them like the plague.

It shouldn't be a surprise to anyone that private-label mortgage insurers have been, and continue to be, in serious trouble since the onset of the financial crisis. As my Foolish colleague Dan Caplinger noted: "it's hard to think of a business you'd want to be in less."

Walk through just about any single-family development project and you'll see why. While the financial crisis may seem like a distant memory, "for sale" signs remain ubiquitous, with many advertising properties as "short sales" or "bank owned." And if you look closely, it isn't uncommon to see newly issued foreclosure documents affixed to front doors.

A siren song for the uninitiated
Many of you are likely wondering why I bring this up now. Isn't it true these companies have struggled for over five years? Yes, of course. The reason I'm writing about it now, in turn, is because their recent and seemingly impressive stock performance could serve as a siren song to the uninitiated.

If you didn't know these companies were down between 75% and 95% over the last five years, the recent uptick could be deceivingly enticing. Take a look at the following chart, which plots the five-day stock performance of MGIC Investment (NYSE: MTG  ) , Radian Group (NYSE: RDN  ) , and Genworth Financial (NYSE: GNW  ) , three of the biggest players in this space.

MTG Chart

MTG data by YCharts

Why the excitement?
On a general level, there's a growing chorus of evidence that the housing market is recovering. As I wrote last week, single-family housing starts are up 22% year over year, the Case-Schiller home-price index has increased for five consecutive months, and the National Association of Home Builders' housing market index recently rose to its highest level since February of 2007.

On a more specific level, there's similar noise about the mortgage insurance industry. At the beginning of June, my colleague Amanda Alix wrote that mortgage insurers were on the rebound. Her rationale? These three companies had reported a collective increase in business in April, writing insurance policies worth $7.1 billion, up from $6.7 billion in March.

The industry was thus locked and loaded. The final trigger arrived last Thursday, when Radian Group published delinquency data further indicative of a rebound. For the month of August, its delinquent loans dropped more than 2%, falling to less than 95,000 loans from 97,000 the month before.

Don't let these gains fool you
Despite this success, and what otherwise may appear to be a bargain given their valuations, I implore you to think twice before adding any mortgage insurance stocks to your portfolio.

Even though it's been years since the financial crisis officially ended, the carnage remains strewn throughout the financial industry. Bank of America's (NYSE: BAC  ) balance sheet provides a case in point, as more than 7.5% of its loans are designated as noncurrent -- a staggeringly high percentage in historical terms, and one of the three disturbing areas that every B of A shareholder should be aware of according to our in-depth report on the lending giant.

Finally, even their most important customer, Fannie Mae, has little faith in the continued viability of many private-label mortgage insurers. Here's how the quasi-governmental agency described the industry in its most recent quarterly report:

"As of August 8, 2012, of our largest mortgage insurers, one -- [PMI] -- has publicly disclosed that it is in receivership and two -- [Triad] and [Republic] -- have publicly disclosed that they are in run-off ... In addition, [Genworth] is currently operating pursuant to a waiver it received from its regulator of the state regulatory capital requirements applicable to its main insurance writing entity. [Radian] has disclosed that, in the absence of additional capital contributions to its main insurance writing entity, its capital might fall below state regulatory capital requirements in the future ... Additionally, [Mortgage Guaranty] has disclosed that it expects that its capital fell below state regulatory capital requirements as of June 30, 2012, and is currently operating pursuant to a waiver it received from the regulator of the state regulatory capital requirements applicable to its main insurance writing entity."

Not exactly what you'd call a sterling endorsement.

You've now gotten the memo
Look, I'm not different than any other investor reading this. Like you, I'm constantly looking for unappreciated and undervalued stocks primed to provide monster returns. Yet, while there's no doubt mortgage insurance company stocks are unappreciated, there's also effectively no evidence that they're undervalued. As a result, you'd be smart to avoid them altogether.

In their place, I would consider any of the companies identified in our free report about three Dow stocks every investor needs. All three of the underlying companies, including one that's a favorite of Warren Buffett, are solid investments and pay generous dividends. To learn the identity of these stocks before the rest of the market catches on, simply click here to download the free report instantly.

Fool contributor John Maxfield and The Motley Fool own shares of Bank of America. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days.

Read/Post Comments (4) | Recommend This Article (4)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On September 10, 2012, at 1:23 PM, prginww wrote:

    If the author of this article is insinuating that somehow every one of the private mortgage insurance companies will end up BK, then where would that leave the economy?

    Housing needs to lead us out of this, and housing needs private MI companies in order for a person to buy a house with less than 20% down. FHA can't be the only way to buy house?

    Why wouldn't the government come to the rescue if needed? They bailed out the auto companies?

  • Report this Comment On September 10, 2012, at 3:37 PM, prginww wrote:

    Private mortgage insurance companies still exist? I thought that every one of them went bankrupt in 2009-10.

  • Report this Comment On September 11, 2012, at 11:16 AM, prginww wrote:

    "Yet, while there's no doubt mortgage insurance company stocks are unappreciated, there's also effectively no evidence that they're undervalued."

    There's tons of evidence they're undervalued, your article just ignores it. To give one extremely obvious piece of evidence, GNW trades at 0.2x tangible book.

  • Report this Comment On September 11, 2012, at 11:34 AM, prginww wrote:

    The interesting thing is that you own BAC. Which has basically the exact same thesis as the mortgage insurers. A highly leveraged financial company, trading at a large discount to tangible book. An improving housing environment is expected to help turn around the company, improving capital levels and achieving a decent ROE.

    The claim that there is no evidence to support investing in GNW, while there's tons of evidence to support investing in BAC, is laughable.

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