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3 Things You Need to Know About Bank of America

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Worldwide Invest Better Day 9/25/2012

Bank of America (NYSE: BAC  ) is a tough nut to crack. As one of the largest banks in the world and a financial institution that offers a broad array of services, fully understanding B of A is not for the faint of heart.

As we close in on The Motley Fool's first Worldwide Invest Better Day on September 25, we Fools have been writing up a storm to offer insights into how you can make better investment decisions. Earlier this week, I offered up a primer on investing in banks in general. But today, we're going to zoom in on B of A and look at a few points that can help you better understand this banking behemoth.

Management means a lot
I get it; it's easy to look at Bank of America and see the disastrous decisions that the company made during the financial crisis. Strangely, the bank by itself was probably well positioned to make it through the crisis, but then made the disastrous decisions to buy Countrywide Financial and Merrill Lynch. Both led to massive losses and nasty legal troubles for B of A.

The pre- and mid-crisis pilot at B of A was Ken Lewis, and in short, I never thought much of Lewis as a leader. Lewis always seemed far more focused on building a big bank than on building a great bank. Because that was his modus operandi, it was little surprise that not only did Lewis jump at deals during the crisis, but he jumped at two of the worst, most over-priced deals that were available. JPMorgan's (NYSE: JPM  ) Jamie Dimon, who negotiated bargain-basement deals to buy Bear Stearns and Washington Mutual, made Lewis look like an absolute amateur of a deal maker by comparison.

But Lewis has since been replaced by Brian Moynihan, a leader that seems a good deal more sober and judicious than his predecessor. Though investors may not have been sure what to make of the lawyer-turned-banker when he first took over, Moynihan seems to be taking a lot of the steps that the bank needs, including reversing some of Lewis-driven growth momentum and making the bank a bit smaller.

Merrill wasn't a total waste...
As ill-conceived as the Merrill Lynch buyout was, the value destruction has been done, and it's worth revisiting what the investment bank brings to the mix at B of A.

The most obvious is Merrill's financial advisory and asset management footprint. Based on a recent presentation, Bank of America now has more than 17,500 financial advisors and has added 226 new advisors through the first half of this year. Merrill Edge accounts are up 17% from last year and total assets are now at $79.8 billion. This is a very solid business that has the potential to both create and deepen B of A's customer relationships.

Maybe less noticed is the fact that B of A is now firmly among the top tier of investment banks. For the first half of this year, B of A is second in total IB fees -- its $2 billion put it just behind JPMorgan's $2.4 billion and ahead of Goldman Sachs' (NYSE: GS  ) $1.7 billion. Loan products are where B of A is tops (No. 1 ahead of JPMorgan and Citigroup (NYSE: C  ) ), but its No. 5 position in mergers and acquisitions and No. 4 slot in equity offerings can be attributed largely to the Merrill pickup.

If we're to believe the current B of A mantra that it's pushing to become a more relationship-oriented bank, then having this type of increased exposure to major companies around the world via investment banking services can only help the overall business.

Whaddup with that valuation?
Prior to the financial crisis, Bank of America's stock traded at more than four times its tangible book value and nearly twice its shareholders' equity. It could be argued at the time that those were reasonable valuations because of the equity returns that B of A was earning. But that's not the case today -- lower interest rates, greater loan losses, and higher capital requirements are all constraining returns. So it'd be silly to argue for a two-times book value multiple right now.

However, I also think that the 0.5 book value multiple will prove to be too backward looking and assumes that current low equity returns will endure indefinitely. Given the banking headwinds right now, I wouldn't look for 15% to 20% equity returns, but I think the current 5% could improve to 7% to 8% without anything too crazy happening. That may not seem huge, but a return on the lower end of that range could encourage a book value multiple of 0.7 or higher, which would be pretty nice upside from the current valuation.

Keep on learning
This should give you a little more insight into the banking giant that is Bank of America, but don't stop here! The Fool has tons of great content related to Worldwide Invest Better Day focused on helping you become a better, more confident investor. To find out more, go ahead and click the bar below.

The Motley Fool owns shares of Bank of America, Citigroup, and JPMorgan Chase. Motley Fool newsletter services have recommended buying shares of Goldman Sachs Group. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days.

Fool contributor Matt Koppenheffer owns shares of Bank of America, but does not have a financial interest in any of the other companies mentioned. You can check out what Matt is keeping an eye on by visiting his CAPS portfolio, or you can follow Matt on Twitter @KoppTheFool or Facebook. The Fool's disclosure policy prefers dividends over a sharp stick in the eye.


Read/Post Comments (3) | Recommend This Article (9)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On September 21, 2012, at 10:55 AM, Teacherman1 wrote:

    Good article Matt, and a welcome change from all of the "I hate Bank of America" rhetoric that has been posted in numberous blogs over the past couple of years. (I don't mean by you.)

    I have been an investor in BAC for a long time and was pleased to see Ken Lewis depart and Brian Moynihan take over. He is from the Fleet takeover, which was one of the good ones that Lewis did.

    Fleet was a first class operation with great customer service.

    That is how I ended up with BAC credit cards, which I promptly paid off when they raised the interest rate to the "Old time Citi South Dakota" level.

    I think BAC will eventually get back up to the $25 to $30 level, and could go even higher, but that will take time.

    In the meantime, I keep looking for opportunities to add to my relatively small position (compared to what I have owned historically), and since it is so heavily traded and moves up and down, those opportunities seem to keep coming around.

    I do need to keep a closer eye on them though, not because I think they are going to have a lot more problems, but because the opportunities to buy on dips may become fewer and fewer.

    JMO and worth exactly what I am charging for it.

  • Report this Comment On September 21, 2012, at 1:04 PM, TMFKopp wrote:


    "Fleet was a first class operation with great customer service."

    I think this is correct. However, like most Lewis acquisitions, I'm pretty sure he overpaid for it. Let's just say that if there was a Groupon for corporate acquisitions, Ken Lewis would not have been a customer.

    "I do need to keep a closer eye on them though, not because I think they are going to have a lot more problems, but because the opportunities to buy on dips may become fewer and fewer."

    I mostly agree, though I think both may be true here. There may be more opportunities to buy at an (more) attractive price, but there will also likely be more bad news that keeps it in the headlines. Of course, on the latter, the real question is whether the bad news yet to come is already priced into the stock today -- and that's entirely possible.

    Thanks for the comment!


  • Report this Comment On September 21, 2012, at 3:15 PM, Teacherman1 wrote:


    Just a clairification on my comment about future "dip buying" opportunities.

    I made that statement in reference to my current price, which is $5.14.

    Of course it would not have to get anywhere near that level to be a good long term buy, but I am funny that way, I like to buy cheap, cheaper, and cheapest. :)

    I think there will almost always be further opportunities to buy, but I think it highly unlikely that I will see that price again.

    Thanks for the many useful and informative articles you post for the benefit of all Fools.

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