The A class shares of rock star investor Warren Buffett's vehicle Berkshire Hathaway (NYSE: BRK-A ) (NYSE: BRK-B ) reached a 52-week high on Friday. Let's take a look at how it got here to find out if the famed company's stock price can grow even higher.
How it got here
Buffett is celebrated and followed because he regularly beats the market. So it stands to reason that when the Dow advances, Berkshire Hathaway's stock price not only gains too, it trumps the index. Take any time frame you'd like -- Buffet's child will almost always win handily against the DJIA. That applies to the short term, let's say the past three months:
A slightly longer string of time, one year:
Or even a full decade:
Buffett, an eminently quotable guy, has been making his usual pronouncements and prognostications of late, but he hasn't said or revealed anything jolting enough to move the stock on its own. Rather, the stock price advance seems largely to be due, like the success of the firm it constitutes, to strong improvement in fundamentals over time.
Berkshire Hathaway earnings saw marked gains in 3Q, the company's most recent reporting period. Net came in at $3.9 billion, a fat 72% advance over the same time frame the previous year. Zooming out by a factor of three, the same figure for 1Q-3Q last year was a little over $10 billion, or 43% better than the same period of 2011.
These were on the back of across-the-board revenue growth in each of the firm's three business lines. The heart of the company is its insurance and related operations, and these beat loudly with a 15% year-on-year advance in the most recent quarter. Railroad, utilities, and energy chugged and beamed along well, growing 8%, and the take from finance was positive that quarter, at a little over $1 billion... as opposed to the $1.45 billion shortfall posted in 3Q 2011.
Banking on profits
With large-scale banks weighing in with results recently, Buffett has been hit by the spotlight, too. In mid-2011, Berkshire Hathaway took a $5 billion stake in Bank of America (NYSE: BAC ) . This was a classic contrarian move by the cagey investor, made at a time when the company was still flat in the mud, trying to wash away the grime of the crisis era.
As so often happens, his timing was magnificent, and he got a sweet deal. On the day the buy was announced, B of A's stock price was a soggy $7.55. Now, even after the bank's market-displeasing results last week, they still trade at a nearly 50% premium.
Smart Warren holds preferred shares that carry a rich 6% dividend. What's more, the buyer will probably be B of A itself -- after all, what respectable bank drawing a few percentage points on its long-term debt wants to keep forking over that high a disbursement? B of A will pay a 5% fee for the privilege of retiring those preferreds, or a cool $250 million.
What's even more, Buffett also received warrants on 700 million shares of common stock, which gives him the right to buy at $7.14 per share. The math on this end of the transaction alone is grand and impressive: Assuming the current share price rises even modestly, Berkshire Hathaway stands to gross not far from $3 billion.
Although this is hardly a new development, it's gotten a bit of play in the media thanks to a New Year's article in The Wall Street Journal opining that the bank would greatly benefit from grabbing back the stake.My fellow Fool John Maxfield agrees; take a gander at his read on the situation here.
Historically, January's been a good month for the Dow. If this ancient trend continues, Berkshire Hathaway should outpace the index, as ever. Investors should keep an eye not only on those developments and the B of A situation, but the state of the insurance business -- as it produced roughly two-third of the company's revenue in 3Q -- plus the performance of the firm's high-profile equity holdings in big stock market names.
As of the end of that quarter, the company's top five positions in those stocks (in percentage of portfolio terms) constituted a Buffettian mix of sectors: Coca-Cola (NYSE: KO ) , Wells Fargo, IBM (NYSE: IBM ) , American Express, and Procter & Gamble. Only one of the five (Amex) has been beating the Dow since then, however, with Coke and IBM in negative territory . The bulk of Berkshire Hathaway consists of the firms it controls directly, not its stock positions, but it still has plenty of skin in this game, and investors will want to monitor how these shares perform.
It almost goes without saying that, since they form the core of Berkshire Hathaway, it'll be crucial to watch developments in those directly held subsidies. Since they aren't publicly traded, they're a little more off-radar, but there will be enough information about them when the company as a whole reports its 4Q February 1. If that quarter is a good one, and the Dow's still rising, look for Buffett's baby to continue adding inches to its height.
Buffett's long track record of success has made him one of the best investors of all time. With the Buffett at the helm, Berkshire Hathaway has grown book value per share at a compounded annual rate of 19.8% for nearly 50 years! Despite an incredible historical track record, investors have to understand the key issues to watch moving forward. To help investors, the Fool's resident Berkshire Hathaway expert Joe Magyer has created this premium research report on the company. Inside, you'll receive ongoing updates as key news hits, as well as reasons to both buy and sell the stock. Claim a copy by clicking here now.