A Brighter Future for Chesapeake Energy?

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With a reconstituted Board of Directors in place and former CEO Aubrey McClendon out of the picture, investors are wondering if Chesapeake Energy (NYSE: CHK  ) deserves a second chance.

As the company continues its search for McClendon's successor, Chief Operating Officer Steve Dixon has assumed the temporary role of acting CEO.

In a conference call on Monday, Dixon helped restore investor confidence in the company's future. He noted that Chesapeake's new focus on financial discipline will be a defining characteristic going forward, as opposed to just a temporary measure intended to reassure its creditors.

In particular, he highlighted three key priorities for the company: "We will remain focused on increasing our liquids production, driving capital efficiencies across our business and enhancing our financial flexibility to prudently fund our future growth."

Dixon also expressed "tremendous confidence" that Chesapeake's spending would not exceed its planned capital expenditure budget of around $6 billion.  

Has a more cautious, financially disciplined Chesapeake emerged from the shadows of its old, risk-loving self? Or do old habits die hard?

Chesapeake's recent progress
Based on its progress over the past few quarters, Chesapeake certainly seems to be on the right path. It's achieving several key objectives and even surpassing major production milestones. For the first quarter, Dixon said the company's current level of leasehold capital spending is on track to come in below its budgeted target. Similarly, it's also on track to achieve its production targets for the quarter, despite some midstream outages and weather-related challenges in the mid-continent.

The company's progress in reducing well costs and cycle times has also been impressive. In the fourth quarter, it reported an average spud-to-spud time of 18 days, down more than 30% from the year-earlier quarter. And over the same time period, average drilling and completion costs per well also declined by about 30%. For 2013, the company expects lease operating and G&A expenses to come in at or below budget.

These new developments stand in sharp contrast to the company's previous tendency of overshooting on its targets and estimates.  

Not only did it frequently exceed initial estimates for its spending budget in previous years, it has also been known to overestimate production figures and property values. The most recent instance was when it received just under $2,400 per acre for its Mississippi Lime assets, which it agreed to sell to Chinese oil company Sinopec (NYSE: SHI  ) in February.

That value was just a fraction of the $7,000-$8,000 per acre value the company assigned to those assets last year. It was also significantly less than the price SandRidge Energy (NYSE: SD  ) , another major player in the Mississippi Lime, received for its assets in the play back in 2011. In successive transactions with Atinum Partners and Repsol YPF, SandRidge received about $4,425 and $2,750 per acre. Notably, SandRidge's acreage didn't have any currently producing wells, unlike Chesapeake's, making Chesapeake's deal appear even more underwhelming.

What to expect going forward
Looking ahead, the company still faces a substantial funding gap -- the difference between its expected cash flow and capital spending -- for the year, which it estimates to be $4 billion.

To help plug this gap, Chesapeake hopes to generate proceeds from asset sales totaling $4 billion to $7 billion. Thus far, it has negotiated or closed deals covering $1.5 billion of that target.

Though its recent deal with Sinopec came in significantly below expectations, the company is optimistic about future asset sales, with Dixon stating, "We're particularly pleased with the markets response to multiple small asset packages that we have offered."

Earlier this week, Houston-based Gastar Exploration (NYSEMKT: GST  ) announced its plans to purchase a portion of Chesapeake's central Oklahoma assets for around $85 million.  

Prime candidates for divestiture this year include some of Chesapeake's less valuable assets, with the company currently marketing portions of its acreage in the Marcellus and Utica shales.  

Going forward, the company will continue to focus on its core holdings, especially the Eagle Ford in Texas, which is expected to be the main driver of the company's liquids production growth for the year.

While debt-related challenges continue to cast a dark cloud of uncertainty over Chesapeake's future, few would question the superb quality of its remaining oil and gas assets. For many investors, the important question is whether Chesapeake's current share price reflects the true value of its assets. To answer that question and to learn more about Chesapeake and its enormous potential, you're invited to check out The Motley Fool's brand-new premium report on the company. Simply click here now to access your copy, and as an added bonus, you'll receive a full year of key updates and expert guidance as news continues to develop.

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Arjun Sreekumar

Arjun is a value-oriented investor focusing primarily on the oil and gas sector, with an emphasis on E&Ps and integrated majors. He also occasionally writes about the US housing market and China’s economy.

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