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On Feb. 26, Atlantic Power (NYSE: AT ) did something responsible: It slashed its dividend by 66% in the name of long-term value creation. But the aftermath of its actions shows that dividend haircuts don't always look good. Let's dig deeper into Atlantic's decision, peek into the past for some much-needed perspective, and check out the new look of another company that recently received a dividend haircut.
Dawn of the dead dividend
As part of Atlantic's Q4 2012 earnings report, CEO Barry Welch noted that the utility's board decided that "it was in the best interest of the company and its shareholders to establish a lower and more sustainable Payout Ratio that balances yield and growth and is at the same time consistent with our outlook for current and prospective projects under a range of scenarios."
In real numbers, this announcement represented a 66% drop in the company's monthly payouts, a move that would've devastated the utility's 10.2% dividend yield – if not for its share price plummet.
But the cause for Atlantic's crash didn't come from its dividend cut. Since its announcement, three law firms have filed class action lawsuits against Atlantic for intentionally misleading investors about its current cash flow and the impending deadlines of key contracts. If the allegations turn out to be true, Atlantic's dividend cut did nothing more than reveal an inevitable bald spot in the company's receding hairline.
Look into the past...
Dividend cuts happen. This Friday, TECO Energy (NYSE: TE ) will celebrate the 10th anniversary of the day it dropped its dividend 46% to balance its books and refocus on its core businesses.
CEO Robert Fagan's carefully chosen words during the announcement hint at what he was sure would amount to Wall Street suicide: "We recognize the greatest impact will be on our retail shareholders. However, we believe that it will be in their interests longer-term... This level of dividend positions TECO Energy to return to... long-term dividend growth when conditions improve." But since that fateful day, TECO's stock has stepped up a respectable 66% alongside its growing dividend.
Beware the "Stairmaster"
Companies must decide for themselves whether dividends are the best method to return value to shareholders. Although it's never inherently a bad idea to boost dividends, investors should beware the "Stairmaster." A dividend stock that flexes its financial muscles quarter after quarter may not be using its resources intelligently. Step after step, Southern Company and Xcel Energy have pushed their dividends higher through the worst of the Great Recession.
Atlantic, why can't you be more like Exelon?
Atlantic wasn't the only utility to dice up its dividend this past quarter. Exelon (NYSE: EXC ) announced on Feb. 7 that it would slash its dividend by a whopping 40%. But unlike Atlantic, Exelon's stock has risen 12% since its earnings report. That's 4.5 percentage points above the Dow Jones U.S. Utilities Price Index and more than nine percentage points better than the S&P 500's return.
Which dividends deliver?
Regardless of all the number crunching and examples, company fundamentals are irrevocably the means to your dividend end. Some haircuts look good, some look bad, some are necessary, and some aren't. Pick your investments wisely and you'll end up with some handsome profits.
Exelon's recent dividend slash made it a leaner, meaner, and profit-pulling company. As the nation moves increasingly toward clean energy, Exelon is perfectly positioned to capitalize on having the largest nuclear fleet in North America. This strength, combined with an increased focus on balance sheet health and its recent merger with Constellation, places Exelon and its sustainable dividend on a short list of the top utilities. To determine if Exelon is a good long-term fit for your portfolio, you're invited to check out The Motley Fool's premium research report on the company. Simply click here now for instant access.