Goldman Sachs (NYSE: GS ) has released its first-quarter earnings, and overall, things look pretty good for the famous investment bank. It earned $2.26 billion on $10.09 billion in revenue, exceeding analysts' expectations. Nevertheless, if you look beyond the top and bottom lines of the earnings release, there are three areas where Goldman investors should expect a little more.
1. Institutional Client Services revenue
Overall, revenue was up just over 1% from the same quarter last year, with three of four business segments improving year over year. However, institutional client services, the bank's largest segment, declined 10% from the first quarter of 2012.
In the bank's own words, the first quarter of 2012 was strong, so it could simply be a victim of its own success. Net revenues in interest rate products were significantly lower compared to the first quarter of 2012, and commission and fees were down because of lower market volumes. One positive is that the net loss attributable to the bank's credit spreads on borrowings declined to $77 million, which was down from $224 million in the same quarter of last year.
2. Tier 1 capital and common ratios
The last potential area of concern is with the bank's regulatory capital requirements. Both the Tier 1 capital ratio and Tier 1 common ratio were down slightly from the end of 2012, checking in at 14.4% and 12.7%, respectively. This probably was to be expected; Goldman's so-so performance in the Fed stress tests in March showed that its capital base wasn't as strong as some other banks. Still, investors should keep an eye on these ratios over the coming year and hope for improvement going forward, lest Goldman need to seek more excess capital down the road.
3. Net interest income
Goldman Sachs also saw a decline in its net interest income, declining 6% from the first quarter of 2012 and 5% from the fourth quarter. This is not a huge surprise, as banks have been feeling the interest pinch because of the Federal Reserve's continuing quantitative easing programs. Nevertheless, it is a trend that bears watching going forward, and investors should hope for some stabilization in this important piece of any bank's business.
The Foolish bottom line
I'm not sure if it is these three reasons that have led to Goldman being down nearly 3% early this morning, but it just goes to show that simply beating expectations is not enough to guarantee success on earnings release day. If anything, it shows that it is important to go beyond the first paragraph of the press release and see what's truly going on at the bank.
During the financial crisis, Goldman Sachs did so well pivoting to avoid the worst of the fallout that it had to downplay its success to duck public ire and conspiracy theories. Today, Goldman is still arguably the powerhouse global financial name, and yet its stock trades at a valuation of less than half what it fetched prior to the crisis. Does this make Goldman one of the best opportunities in the market today? To answer that question, I invite you to check out The Motley Fool's special report on the bank. In it, Fool banking expert Matt Koppenheffer uncovers the key issues facing Goldman, including three specific areas Goldman investors must watch. To get access to this report, just click here.