In this series, we'll explore the data announcements and events that may affect the performance of bank stocks during the upcoming week.

With earnings season for the four big banksĀ officially over, bank investors should turn their attention back to more general data releases that could impact the banks in the coming week. Though there will be continued discussion about various earnings hits and misses, most of the impact of earnings reports has already been felt. Let's take a look at what's coming up this week.

Monday

  • Existing Home Sales: As more data shows a slowing in new single-family home construction, existing home sales may become more important to bank investors interested in seeing how much new mortgage business is flowing into the banks. As we saw in Bank of America's (NYSE:BAC) earnings report, the bank is making progress in capturing more of the mortgage market, while Wells Fargo (NYSE:WFC), the former leader of the pack, showed a decline in mortgage revenue for the same period.

Tuesday

  • FHFA Home Price Index: Much like the new importance of the existing home sales figures, increasing home prices will give banks a better chance of growing mortgage revenue. This will also be important for any banks that provide mortgage insurance, since the higher prices will lead to higher down payment requirements, with mortgage insurance picking up some of the slack.
  • Earnings: Regions Financial (NYSE:RF): One of the smaller banks, Regions, will announce its first quarter earnings on Tuesday. As we saw with some of the other regional banks that reported earnings already, there is plenty of opportunity for investors to grow with the banks that operate on a smaller scale.

Wednesday

  • MBA purchase applications: Application activity rose 4.5% last week, even as interest rates remained flat. The rate of mortgage and refinancing applications fell earlier in April, giving banks and their shareholders some concerns about the ability to continue growth in their mortgage operations -- on of the leading drivers of many of the Big Four's record earnings.
  • Earnings: New York Community Bancorp (NYSE:NYCB): Another regional bank announces earnings on Wednesday, so investors should be keen to see if there is a trend among the smaller banks.

Thursday

  • Jobless claims: This week's jobless claims were up slightly but gave a broader view of the labor market -- specifically that the recent huge fluctuations in claims were a result of both a holiday and seasonal circumstance. But with recent surveys of business owners showing a decline in confidence in the economy, and therefore an unwillingness to hire new employees, bank investors should keep an eye on this report.
  • Bloomberg Consumer Comfort Index: Leading indicators this week showed an uptick in consumer spending -- a big boon for the banks. But with the most recent surveys and indexes showing a slide in consumer confidence, that spending may take a breather. Bank will be keeping track of consumers and hoping that confidence rebounds so their wallets open up.

Friday

  • Consumer Sentiment: More specifically geared toward consumer spending, this report from the University of Michigan will give bank investors a taste of how people plan to spend their money. Since increased spending would be a win for the banks and other financials, look for an increase in the survey.

Fool on!
With earnings reports for most of the banks behind us, it's important to keep tabs on what may effect the banks next. And while a Foolish investor knows that no single news blip will have all the information needed to assess a stock, too much information can muddle a decision just as easily. As we move through the week, be sure to pick and choose which data points best help or hurt your stock picks. And as always, you can learn more by logging on to Fool.com.

Fool contributor Jessica Alling has no position in any stocks mentionedĀ -- you can contact her here. The Motley Fool recommends Wells Fargo. The Motley Fool owns shares of Bank of America and Wells Fargo. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.