If your company ever has to stand before the Supreme Court, it's a big deal. Winning your case – an even bigger deal. Winning your case with a unanimous verdict – that's downright huge.

That was the news for Monsanto (NYSE:MON) yesterday, and it probably wasn't even the most important revelation of the day for the company.

An open and shut case
For some time now, Monsanto has been catching a lot of negative press for its genetically modified seeds. But yesterday's win had nothing to do with the safety or morality of genetically modified organisms, or GMOs, and everything to do with a farmer trying to circumnavigate the law.

Indiana farmer Vernon Bowman signed an agreement in 1999 that he wouldn't collect the seeds after harvesting his crop of Roundup-resistant soybeans provided by Monsanto. In an attempt to save money, Bowman bought commodity grain from a grain elevator. Such grain is usually used as feed for animals; but Bowman planted it, knowing that some may contain Monsanto seeds.

After using the Roundup herbicide and harvesting the plot, it turned out there were resistant seeds in Bowman's purchase. He continued to use these seeds for eight years without paying Monsanto.

Though the Supreme Court ruled unanimously in Monsanto's favor, Justice Kagan made it clear this wasn't as far reaching a ruling as some may have you believe: "Our holding today is limited," Kagan said, "addressing the situation before us, rather than every one involving a self-replicating product." 

Government responds to public outcry
But no sooner had the court verdict been read than Monsanto, as well as fellow GMO-producer Dow Chemical (NYSE:DOW), were dealt a blow by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Dow was hoping to gain approval for crops that will tolerate the 2,4-D pesticide/herbicide, while Monsanto was seeking approval for crops that would survive the application of dicamba – an herbicide.

The news came as a surprise to both companies, but the Department of Agriculture said it was inundated with requests from the public to continue investigating the GMOs before granting approval.

The USDA said it received 8,200 comments and petitions signed by 400,000 people to stop Dow's petition to deregulate 2,4-D; it received 500 comments and 31,000 form letters from individuals concerning Monsanto's request. 

Dow said that herbicide-resistant weeds were growing rapidly in the United States, and approval was needed to meet this potential crisis.

A long-term solution?
Showing my colors a little, it's hard for me to sympathize with either company. As chemicals are used, nature usually figures out a way to engineer organisms (weeds) that are resistant. The only way to combat these new resistant strains is by using stronger chemicals.

It doesn't take much brain power to see what, over time, this leads to: the use of stronger and stronger chemicals that not only pose a threat to wildlife and the balance of nature, but human health as well.

As people become more and more knowledgeable about the topic – and long-term studies are performed on the effects of GMOs – both to humans and wildlife – I could easily see this pubic outcry being just the tip of the iceberg.

A controversial French study, released late last year, said that rats fed a steady diet of Monsanto corn or exposed to allowable amounts of Roundup developed more tumors and died earlier than a control group.  

A 30-year study conducted by the Rodale Institute in Pennsylvania also confirmed that organic farming yields just as much as conventional farming (better during droughts, too) with a lower ecological footprint.


Source: Rodale Institute 

It's important to note, however, that GMO seeds were used for only the last three years of the study, as they weren't readily available when the study began.

Of course, time will tell if I am right or not, but I think there are better choices for your investment dollars.

Motley Fool contributor Brian Stoffel has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.