How Dividends Change the Game for Coca-Cola Stock

The wealth-building power of compound interest will never cease to amaze me. It's a story of patience and attention to detail, where small, short-term differences add up to massive divergence over decades. And in the end, the biggest winners don't always deliver the fattest share-price returns.

If you want to see what a true dividend aristocrat looks like, take a peek at this Coca-Cola (NYSE: KO  ) chart:

KO Dividend Chart

KO Dividend data by YCharts

Coke has paid quarterly dividends since 1920 (coming up on the centennial anniversary in a few years) and grown the checks in each of the last 50 years. And the increases aren't small, either. The 25-year chart above depicts a 5,070% rise in dividend payouts. No, that's not a typo.

That's exactly the kind of dependable dividend increases that make long-term income investors a little hot under the collar. Buy Coke stock once, reinvest every dividend check in more Coke shares, and enjoy a rock-solid income stream in your golden years.

The Coke stock is no slouch when it comes to rising share prices over the long term, but dividends still make a world of difference. In the last 25 years, reinvested dividends would have nearly doubled your already market-beating returns. Either way, Coke leaves its average Dow Jones (DJINDICES: ^DJI  ) peers far behind:

KO Chart

KO data by YCharts

Past performance is of course no guarantee of future returns. That old adage is just as true for dividend policies as it is for share prices. That being said, I see little reason to worry about Coca-Cola abandoning its shareholder-friendly ways.

Coca-Cola's dividends have grown in a wide variety of environments. We're talking about wars, recessions, and the good times too, all without slowing down the payout increases. Not even the New Coke debacle could put a stop to the quarterly checks.

The cash machine isn't entirely unstoppable. In the last decade alone, Coca-Cola has seen revenue shrink year over year once, and it's currently fighting through negligible top-line growth. In the same period, operating cash flow shrank twice, and earnings per share declined three times.

But Coke has always left enough headroom over its dividend policies to account for these setbacks. The smallest annual dividend increase during these years was 6.8% in 2011, when both earnings and cash flows fell. Even now, Coke spends just 60% of its free cash flow on dividend checks.

It's admittedly one of the highest such ratios in the Dow, but it still leaves plenty of wiggle room to spare as management looks to kick-start the stalled revenue growth engines. The next stage includes big investments in the developing world. When that bet starts to pay off, the dividend payout ratios will fall back down again. In the meantime, there's no reason to pump the brakes on payout policy growth and lose that coveted dividend aristocrat status.

Coca-Cola is one of the Dow's strongest  dividend plays. If you're looking for some more long-term investing ideas, you're invited to check out The Motley Fool's brand-new special report, "The 3 Dow Stocks Dividend Investors Need." It's absolutely free, so simply click here now and get your copy today.


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