Could This Tiny New Mexico County Rewrite Fracking Rules?

Along New Mexico's southeastern border sits the Permian Basin, a shale play rich in oil and natural gas. There's nothing particularly distinct about New Mexico's approach to fracking —the somewhat controversial practice which is making these resources available for the first time.

But earlier this year, Mora County—population 4,700 —became the first in the country  to ban fracking in any form.

Source: Flickr/Mike Tungate 

The county, which is entirely rural and somewhat poor, relies entirely upon personal wells for drinking water and to feed cattle. Instead of embracing the potential for huge paydays and a more robust tax base, residents decided to shut the door on landmen they considered exploitative, and continuing their quiet way of life with aquifers unaffected by fracking.

Who's in charge?
One of the biggest issues when it comes to fracking is who makes the rules. The federal government is expected to come out with rules in early 2014 that set standards for chemical disclosure, well integrity, and acceptable disposal methods for fracking wastewater for wells on public lands.

Already, several states—led by Texas  and North Dakota —are opposing federal government intrusion, saying that state laws are more than sufficient and further regulation will only slow economic development. But now, several municipalities are challenging state laws or simply implementing their own laws.

New Mexico has no ban on fracking, and many observers wondered aloud if Mora County could ever afford a legal fight should an energy company bring one against the municipality. But those worries were put to rest in July when the county announced that the New Mexico Environmental Law Center would be representing Mora County on a pro-bono basis should a suit be filed .

Eric Jantz, who would represent the county if need be, said that the key to the county's decision is to assert the legality of community rights. His group claims that, "Community rights is a paradigm shift, a move away from unsustainable projects and practices at the cost of communities and nature, and toward community decision-making, while recognizing and protecting our interdependence with nature." 

What could this mean for your investments
With regards to Mora County, the company most directly affected by the ban is Royal Dutch Shell (NYSE: RDS-B  ) , which has leased around 100,000 acres  in Mora County for drilling.

But should other communities—especially ones that rely heavily upon local sources of water for themselves and their cattle—decide to follow in Mora's footsteps, it could represent a landmark fight in fracking that affects several companies.

When it comes to natural gas extraction in New Mexico, no company even comes close to Conoco Phillips (NYSE: COP  ) . Including the company's Burlington Resources subsidiary, Conoco produced an average of 1.2 billion cubic feet of natural gas per day in 2012.  The next closest company produced just one-sixth that amount.

As far as oil is concerned, COG Operating, a subsidiary of Concho Resources (NYSE: CXO  ) , is the runaway leader in the state. During 2012, the company produced roughly 40,800 barrels of oil per day. The next closest producer clocked in with less than half that figure .

Obviously, these two companies—along with Shell—would be the most affected should both Mora succeed in its ban, and other communities decide to follow its lead.

Right now, it seems like a long-shot that this scenario might play out. The Permian Basin only occupies the southeastern corner of the state, and many communities welcome the opportunity for jobs in the current economy. But that doesn't mean this isn't an issue investors should keep a watchful eye on.

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Read/Post Comments (5) | Recommend This Article (3)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On September 09, 2013, at 1:56 PM, brinkley021286 wrote:

    Sorry to blow your article, but Mora County is not within 100 miles of the Permian Basin

  • Report this Comment On September 09, 2013, at 3:15 PM, TMFCheesehead wrote:

    @brinkley-

    That's true, and maybe I should have made that more clear in the article. My point was that (1) there's a large shale play in NM, and (2) there's a little county in the state that was the first to ban fracking.

    If there were statewide ramifications, rulings, or adoptions of similar stances (especially with so much arguing nationwide over who has jurisdiction over fracking rules), it could affect any investment in NM's Permian play.

    Brian Stoffel

  • Report this Comment On September 09, 2013, at 5:16 PM, KlassyB wrote:

    Soon we'll be reading about how the people of Mora County are in need of Federal Aid because there are no jobs, no source of income and no way to "feed the children".

    Going forward Mora County deserves what they get in their continued poverty. They've been handed a golden egg and they just shot the goose.

  • Report this Comment On September 09, 2013, at 7:58 PM, DudeManGuyPerson wrote:

    @KlassyB

    So banning fracking is somehow going to make them more poor than they are now?

    There are sources of income in Mora, and they all rely on water. If there's a golden goose in this story, allowing fracking is like playing William Tell it.

  • Report this Comment On September 09, 2013, at 8:24 PM, Ronyaldo wrote:

    Tierra o muerte!

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