Coal is out of favor in the United States. However, that view isn't universal across the world. In fact, foreign demand is set to increase over the next few decades. Westshore Terminals (NASDAQOTH:WTSHF) owns a storage and loading terminal in Canada that is already benefiting from such demand.

Foreign demand
The Energy Information Association (EIA) highlights that China, the United States, and India together account for around 70% of the coal used in the world. China alone accounts for about half of that consumption.

While the EIA expects demand in the United States to be stable to lower in the years ahead, demand from China and India is slated to increase for at least the next two decades. In fact, India is expected to surpass the United States as the second largest consumer of coal after China within the next 20 years.

Everybody's doing it
This is why coal companies are scrambling to get their coal into foreign markets. That includes both thermal and metallurgical varieties. For example, China and India are key talking points for coal giant Peabody Energy (NYSE:BTU). On the thermal side, Peabody expects utility demand to increase 25% in China by 2017 and, from a much smaller base, around 45% in India. Met coal should see demand increases, too.

While this miner's outlook backs up the EIA's projections, it also means notable business opportunities for well-positioned coal miners. Peabody is, perhaps, one of the best positioned because it generates nearly half of its revenues from its Australian operations, giving it direct access to Asia.

However, Peabody also has notable operations in the Illinois (ILB) and Powder River (PRB) coal basins in the United States, both of which are low cost and are seeing increased foreign demand. That should position the company well to participate as domestic coal increasingly goes to foreign markets.

For example, Cloud Peak Energy (NYSE:CLD), which operates almost exclusively out of the PRB, has seen its thermal coal exports increase from virtually nothing to over 5% of its coal volume over the last five years. Although the company is waiting on new port capacity to accelerate its global pivot, the trend is clear and management is setting itself up to benefit.

The terminal play
Coal companies, however, are subject to the vagaries of coal prices. That's why miners are suffering today, muddling through the perfect storm of weak thermal and met coal markets. In fact, the last 18 months or so have been fairly dismal for the coal industry as a whole. Peabody and Cloud Peak have both suffered notable earnings declines.

Terminal owner Westshore, through which Cloud Peak sends a portion of its coal, on the other hand, expects to handle between 28 and 30 million tonnes of coal this year. Impressively, that's up from around 26 million tonnes last year. And it has another three million tonnes of capacity to offer after upgrades made in 2012. That should allow for at least modest volume growth in the near term. Asia, of course, is the final destination for nearly 80% of the coal that passes through its facilities.

Of note is that Westshore has fixed-rate contracts for about 80% of its capacity through 2021. That pretty much assures decent results and the continuation of its around $0.30 per share quarterly dividend. And the company is working on additional projects that could add up to another three million tonnes of capacity over the next five years.

Good news/bad news
So the good news is that Westshore is positioned to benefit from domestic coal being shipped abroad right now. The bad news is that you shouldn't expect much more than the $1.20 or so a share in dividends that are being paid today. (Dividends are paid in Canadian dollars so the actual U.S. dollar value will vary slightly with exchange rates.) That equates to around a 4% yield, with only modest growth prospects.

In order to materially grow, Westshore would have to notably expand throughput in some way or make an acquisition. The upgrade nature of recent capacity increases suggests that a major overhaul is unlikely. On the acquisition front, CONSOL Energy is currently evaluating options for increasing shareholder value that could include selling its Baltimore terminal. Westshore would be a good fit for the asset, but the remote possibility of this happening clearly isn't a good reason to buy Westshore today.

Not the only option
That said, Westshore isn't the only company with coal handling facilities. Kinder Morgan Energy Partners (NYSE:KMP) owns around 80 dry bulk and 35 train loading and unloading facilities. Moreover, the partnership has around $450 million worth of expansion projects in the works to support the export needs of coal partners like Peabody.

The only problem is that the terminals unit only generates about 15% of Kinder Morgan's top line. So it is far from a pure play on coal exporting. In fact, even the terminal business isn't focused exclusively on coal, controlling another 27 terminals dedicated to liquids.

Kinder Morgan is really a midstream oil and gas company with modest exposure to coal handling. Still, if you are looking for diversification and indirect exposure to coal's export growth, Kinder and its around 6.4% yield might be a of interest.

A pure play
So, Westshore Terminals is an income play with modest growth potential that happens to be a pure play on the export growth of coal. That's not a perfect fit for everyone, but it is a nifty way for you to get natural resource exposure without all the commodity risk.

Reuben Brewer has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.