Morning Dow Report: Does a Down January Mean Trouble for 2014?

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The Dow Jones Industrials (DJINDICES: ^DJI  ) are closing out January just as the month began: with a triple-digit loss. This morning, stocks dropped on concerns on multiple fronts, with the Dow falling 170 points as of 11 a.m. EST. An earnings warning from retail juggernaut Wal-Mart (NYSE: WMT  )  and ill-received results from energy giant Chevron (NYSE: CVX  ) must take some of the blame. On the economic front, a third-straight monthly drop in the Chicago Purchasing Managers' Index pointed to choppiness in the U.S. economy, and a key reading of consumer sentiment dropped in January from the previous month's levels. At the same time, ongoing stresses in emerging-market economies could lead to further central bank action to stem the threat of trouble spreading into other countries. With the Dow slated to post a huge loss for January, many wonder if the stock market is doomed to poor performance in 2014.

At current levels, the Dow has lost almost 900 points this month, and unless the average recovers later today, investors will finally have the 5% blue-chip index correction that many have been anticipating. With so much volatility in the market lately, it's easy for investors to conclude that the time is ripe to get out of stocks with the lion's share of their gains over the past five years.

But when you look at individual stocks within the Dow, you get two different pictures of the market. On one hand, Chevron is driving today's losses, with a 32% drop in earnings coming from lower oil prices and falling production both domestically and worldwide. Coming on the heels of rival ExxonMobil's (NYSE: XOM  ) earnings report yesterday, the challenges that huge oil companies are having in maintaining production levels as energy prices fall could continue to impact the market throughout the year. So far, those concerns really haven't spread to most of the smaller energy companies that have driven the U.S. boom in energy production, but the entire industry is sensitive to changing market conditions for crude oil and natural gas products.

On the other hand, one surprising winner today is Caterpillar (NYSE: CAT  ) , which is up almost 1%. The heavy-equipment maker has suffered from poor economic prospects for China and other key markets for a long time, but shareholders are increasingly optimistic that the worst could be over for the company. Optimism about Caterpillar points to the potential for the entire stock market to rebound even if January's mini-correction turns into more extensive losses in future months, as long as a market decline doesn't reverse the macroeconomic progress that the U.S. has seen since the 2008 recession ended.

Investors shouldn't conclude that the Dow will have a down 2014 just because of January's results. But they should also be prepared for what would be a natural loss for stocks after five consecutive years of gains. By preparing for all eventualities, investors can position themselves to take maximum advantage of whatever conditions they face in 2014.

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  • Report this Comment On January 31, 2014, at 6:23 PM, MightyMinnow wrote:

    Tax limit profit takers took all they could early in the yo yo 013 market and created pent demand to sell in January 014. I see the January sell off as a developing tail wind, now that all these profits are taken.

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Dan Caplinger

Dan Caplinger has been a contract writer for the Motley Fool since 2006. As the Fool's Director of Investment Planning, Dan oversees much of the personal-finance and investment-planning content published daily on With a background as an estate-planning attorney and independent financial consultant, Dan's articles are based on more than 20 years of experience from all angles of the financial world.

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Related Tickers

9/1/2015 4:35 PM
^DJI $16058.35 Down -469.68 -2.84%
CAT $74.90 Down -1.54 -2.01%
Caterpillar, Inc. CAPS Rating: ***
CVX $78.19 Down -2.80 -3.46%
Chevron CAPS Rating: ****
WMT $63.82 Down -0.91 -1.41%
Wal-Mart Stores CAPS Rating: ***
XOM $72.08 Down -3.16 -4.20%
ExxonMobil Corp CAPS Rating: ****