Microsoft’s Price Cut for Windows 8.1 Was the Wrong Move

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Microsoft (NASDAQ: MSFT  ) will soon drop its license fee for Windows 8.1 by 70% for lower-end PCs that cost less than $250, according to a recent Bloomberg report. That price reduction -- which reduces its $50 license fee to $15 per machine -- is squarely aimed at keeping Google's (NASDAQ: GOOGL  ) lower-end Chromebook and Android devices at bay.

A Google Chromebook. (Source: PC Advisor UK).

A lower price point might be a baby step in the right direction for Microsoft, but the company will still find it tough to compete against Google's free operating systems.

The rise of Chromebooks has spooked Microsoft
Last July, market research firm NPD reported that Chromebooks were the fastest growing part of the slumping PC market, claiming a 20% to 25% share of sub-$300 laptops in the U.S. By December, NPD reported that Chromebooks accounted for 21% of all commercial U.S. laptop sales in 2013, regardless of price range, and 10% of the entire U.S. market for computers and tablets -- up from 0.2% at the end of 2012.

However, those huge numbers should be taken with a grain of salt, considering that OS tracking site Net Market Share didn't record a subsequent spike in Chrome OS/Linux users in January. In addition, market research firm IDC's numbers indicate that Chromebooks finished 2013 with a 1% share of the global PC market, primarily due to its lack of a footprint in the enterprise market.

Although the numbers from NPD, IDC, and Net Market Share contradict each other regarding the Chromebook's actual market share, the numbers were alarming enough to force Microsoft to reconsider its growth strategy for Windows 8 and 8.1, which together account for 10.6% of all operating systems. Microsoft's own Windows 7 and XP remain far more popular, with respective market shares of 47.5% and 29.2%. Despite the growth of Chrome OS, Linux still only has a 1.6% sliver of the market.

Is Microsoft attacking the wrong target?
To combat the rise of Chromebooks and Android devices, Microsoft originally intended to scrap the license fees for Windows Phone and Windows RT to boost their respective market shares in smartphones and tablets/hybrids.

In my opinion, that would have made much more sense than reducing the license fee of Windows 8.1 from $50 to $15, since it would have represented a direct assault on Android. Instead, reducing the cost of Windows 8.1 is an attack on Chrome OS, which has far fewer users than Android despite its rapid year-over-year growth.

To understand why Microsoft should have made Windows Phone and Windows RT free instead of reducing the cost of Windows 8.1, take a look at the global market share that Microsoft holds in smartphones, tablets, and PCs, and compare the figures to the size of those three markets:


OS market share, 2012

OS market share, 2013

Devices shipped in 2013 (industry)

Expected growth by 2017 (industry)




1.013 billion





227.3 million


(all Windows versions)



315.3 million (desktops and laptops)


Sources: Net Market Share, Gartner, Forbes, IDC.

Rather than aggressively pursue two markets that will each grow by more than 70% by 2017, Microsoft is taking a baby step toward defending its dominant market, which is forecast to grow by an anemic 1.4%.

Microsoft's weakness isn't its price point -- it's its ecosystem
One point that Microsoft has repeatedly overlooked is the appeal of Google's ecosystem. Consumers are buying Chromebooks for the same reason they purchase Android phones -- the promise of being greeted by a familiar ecosystem of apps instantly synchronized to their Gmail account across multiple platforms.

Once users log in to a Chromebook, their email, Google Docs, Chrome bookmarks, YouTube channels, and calendars are all synchronized and ready to go. It can also synchronize data to a mobile device using the same apps. The same symbiotic relationship between the mobile device and the desktop exists on Apple (NASDAQ: AAPL  ) devices, where iPhones, iPads, and Macs can share data over the iCloud.

Microsoft has the right idea with its single sign-in system, but its cloud-based apps always feel second rate compared to Google's -- Outlook, SkyDrive, and Office Web Apps are adequate, but they aren't as light or user-friendly as Google's equivalent apps. More importantly, Microsoft's apps only synchronize seamlessly with Windows tablets or smartphones -- which account for less than 4% of mobile users. On Android and iOS, Microsoft users have to download separate apps to access all the features.

Microsoft machines. (Source: Microsoft)

Therein lies the problem -- Microsoft is worrying about winning back leading hardware vendors that have started producing Chromebooks, such as Hewlett-Packard (NYSE: HP  ) and Lenovo (NASDAQOTH: LNVGY  ) , instead of focusing on boosting the adoption rate of its mobile devices.

Microsoft is already dominating the desktop and laptop markets, but it needs to sharpen its cross-platform cloud-based ecosystem to make its mobile devices more appealing to consumers who are usually dependent on Google's apps.

The bottom line
In conclusion, Microsoft's decision to lower its license fee on Windows 8.1 won't make much of a difference. It's simply a half-hearted, knee-jerk reaction to Google's Chromebooks that won't do much to boost its growth in mobile devices or improve its cloud-based ecosystem.

What do you think, dear readers? Will Microsoft's decision to reduce its license fee by 70% help it gain any ground in the lower-end market, or is it simply too little, too late? Let me know in the comments section below!

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Read/Post Comments (5) | Recommend This Article (2)

Comments from our Foolish Readers

Help us keep this a respectfully Foolish area! This is a place for our readers to discuss, debate, and learn more about the Foolish investing topic you read about above. Help us keep it clean and safe. If you believe a comment is abusive or otherwise violates our Fool's Rules, please report it via the Report this Comment Report this Comment icon found on every comment.

  • Report this Comment On February 26, 2014, at 12:32 PM, trevor1990 wrote:

    Any time Microsoft makes a drastic price cut like that, it is the right move! Don't worry, price cuts on Windows Phone and RT are next.

    Windows RT is a great platform. We need to shake off the x86 past.

    My Lumia 2520 is immune to viruses (so far)

    I have 10 hour battery life, and it gets to 80% charge in less than an hour. With NFC, USB, LTE, HDMI, Bluetooth, WIFI and SD I'm all set!

    lets move toward the future!

  • Report this Comment On February 26, 2014, at 1:21 PM, CsPPP wrote:

    Ok, so I really can't tell. Is this website a bunch of satire or are they serious about what they write. Judging by most of what I've seen so far (out of all the articles I've read) I can only assume the former.

  • Report this Comment On February 27, 2014, at 12:09 AM, techy46 wrote:

    There's going to be three ecosystems; 1) Apple for tech challenged kids, elitists and their parents, 2) Google for young socialists that want it now but can't afford it and 3) Microsoft for tech savvy oldsters that don't give a crap and already have it all. Who really cares what smart phone or tablet fools use as long as it does what any person needs to do. It's not like your deciding between an Acura, BMW. Lexus or Mercedes.

  • Report this Comment On February 27, 2014, at 2:05 PM, NoWindows8LockIn wrote:

    Microsoft is embarrassing themselves more and more. They tried to artificially-create vendor-lock-in with at Mickey Mouse Metro interface, not just on tablets, but desktop computers too. Ballmer & Friends had a Grand Plan where they would milk the entire Windows/PC ecosystem using techniques that have been refined by Apple.

    What Microsoft realized is that you cannot do this to people who do not want it to be done to them. Sure...many people are naive, and they think that the reason that Windows 8.1 keeps blocking their old desktop is because Microsoft cannot afford good UI designers or is just stupid.

    Neither is the case.

    Everything that Microsoft is doing (trying to do) is deliberate, all centered around vendor-lock-in. You business types like to euphemistically call it "customer stickiness", but what it really boils down to is Microsoft trying to take advantage of its monopoly and herd all of its piglets into a pen.


    Microsoft does not realize it yet, but they shot themselves in the foot. Microsoft got as big as it did not because Microsoft created software for everyone, but because Microsoft and third-party developers did. Those third-party developers are what drives thing. Now they are looking at Linux and saying, "You know what..if we clean up the UI on Linux,'s not so bad."

    It's going to take 2-3 years for Microsoft to realize just how bad they screwed up with this stunt, but it's coming.


  • Report this Comment On May 26, 2015, at 1:01 PM, abbral wrote:

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